An x-ray absorption near edge structure spectroscopy study of metal coordination in Co(II)-substituted Carcinus maenas hemocyanin. Della Longa, S.; Bianconi, A.; Palladino, L.; Simonelli, B.; Congiu Castellano, A.; Borghi, E.; Barteri, M.; Beltramini, M.; Rocco, G. P.; and Salvato, B. Biophysical Journal, 65(6):2680–2691, 1993.
An x-ray absorption near edge structure spectroscopy study of metal coordination in Co(II)-substituted Carcinus maenas hemocyanin [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
High-resolution x-ray absorption near edge structure spectroscopy was used to characterize the metal sites in three different cobalt-substituted derivatives of Carcinus maenas hemocyanin (Hc), including a mononuclear cobalt, a dinuclear cobalt and a copper-cobalt hybrid derivative. Co(II) model complexes with structures exemplifying octahedral, trigonal bipyramidal, pseudo-tetrahedral, and square planar geometries were also studied. The results provide structural information about the metal binding site(s) in the Co-Hcs that extend earlier results from EPR and optical spectroscopy (Bubacco et al. 1992. Biochemistry. 31: 9294-9303). Experimental spectra were compared to those calculated for atomic clusters of idealized geometry, generated using a multiple scattering approach. The energy of the dipole forbidden 1s–\textgreater3d transition and of the absorption edge in the spectra for all cobalt Hc derivatives confirmed the cobaltous oxidation state which rules out the presence of an oxygenated site. Comparisons between data and simulations showed that the mononuclear and dinuclear Co(II) derivatives, as well as the hybrid derivative, contain four-coordinate Co(II) in distorted tetrahedral sites. Although the spectra for Co(II) in dinuclear metal sites more closely resemble the simulated spectrum for a tetrahedral complex than do spectra for the mononuclear derivative, the Co(II) sites in all derivatives are very similar. The Cu K-edge high resolution x-ray absorption near edge structure spectrum of the hybrid Cu-Co-Hc resembles that of deoxy-Hc demonstrating the presence of three-coordinate Cu(I).
@article{della_longa_x-ray_1993,
	title = {An x-ray absorption near edge structure spectroscopy study of metal coordination in {Co}({II})-substituted {Carcinus} maenas hemocyanin},
	volume = {65},
	issn = {00063495},
	url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0006-3495(93)81330-4},
	doi = {10.1016/s0006-3495(93)81330-4},
	abstract = {High-resolution x-ray absorption near edge structure spectroscopy was used to characterize the metal sites in three different cobalt-substituted derivatives of Carcinus maenas hemocyanin (Hc), including a mononuclear cobalt, a dinuclear cobalt and a copper-cobalt hybrid derivative. Co(II) model complexes with structures exemplifying octahedral, trigonal bipyramidal, pseudo-tetrahedral, and square planar geometries were also studied. The results provide structural information about the metal binding site(s) in the Co-Hcs that extend earlier results from EPR and optical spectroscopy (Bubacco et al. 1992. Biochemistry. 31: 9294-9303). Experimental spectra were compared to those calculated for atomic clusters of idealized geometry, generated using a multiple scattering approach. The energy of the dipole forbidden 1s–{\textgreater}3d transition and of the absorption edge in the spectra for all cobalt Hc derivatives confirmed the cobaltous oxidation state which rules out the presence of an oxygenated site. Comparisons between data and simulations showed that the mononuclear and dinuclear Co(II) derivatives, as well as the hybrid derivative, contain four-coordinate Co(II) in distorted tetrahedral sites. Although the spectra for Co(II) in dinuclear metal sites more closely resemble the simulated spectrum for a tetrahedral complex than do spectra for the mononuclear derivative, the Co(II) sites in all derivatives are very similar. The Cu K-edge high resolution x-ray absorption near edge structure spectrum of the hybrid Cu-Co-Hc resembles that of deoxy-Hc demonstrating the presence of three-coordinate Cu(I).},
	number = {6},
	journal = {Biophysical Journal},
	author = {Della Longa, S. and Bianconi, A. and Palladino, L. and Simonelli, B. and Congiu Castellano, A. and Borghi, E. and Barteri, M. and Beltramini, M. and Rocco, G. P. and Salvato, B.},
	year = {1993},
	pmid = {8312502},
	pages = {2680--2691}
}
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