Memory and action. Dijkstra, K. and Zwaan, R. A. In The Routledge Handbook of Embodied Cognition, pages 296–305. Routledge, London, 2014.
abstract   bibtex   
[first paragraph] Traditional theories viewed memory as the “great storehouse of information.” Since the late 1960s, researchers have begun thinking of information as stored in the form of semantic net- works. The general idea was that concepts were stored in nodes and that the links between nodes indicated an association between the concepts. Several decades later, it became clear that there is a fundamental problem with this view. The problem is that the concepts are merely labels in the network, for example the label “whale” or “tree.” The network is merely a connection oflinked labels. The labels have no meaning to the network; they only have meaning to the user. As Harnad (1990) put it, the network is parasitic on us. He dubbed this the grounding problem. The grounding problem suggests that semantic networks as just described cannot be a model of human memory.
@incollection{Dijkstra2014,
abstract = {[first paragraph] Traditional theories viewed memory as the “great storehouse of information.” Since the late 1960s, researchers have begun thinking of information as stored in the form of semantic net- works. The general idea was that concepts were stored in nodes and that the links between nodes indicated an association between the concepts. Several decades later, it became clear that there is a fundamental problem with this view. The problem is that the concepts are merely labels in the network, for example the label “whale” or “tree.” The network is merely a connection oflinked labels. The labels have no meaning to the network; they only have meaning to the user. As Harnad (1990) put it, the network is parasitic on us. He dubbed this the grounding problem. The grounding problem suggests that semantic networks as just described cannot be a model of human memory.},
address = {London},
author = {Dijkstra, Katinka and Zwaan, Rolf A.},
booktitle = {The Routledge Handbook of Embodied Cognition},
editor = {Shapiro, Lawrence},
file = {:Users/michaelk/Library/Application Support/Mendeley Desktop/Downloaded/Dijkstra, Zwaan - 2014 - Memory and action.pdf:pdf},
pages = {296--305},
publisher = {Routledge},
title = {{Memory and action}},
year = {2014}
}
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