Evaluation of the Canadian Fire Weather Index System in an Eastern Mediterranean Environment. Dimitrakopoulos, A. P.; Bemmerzouk, A. M.; and Mitsopoulos, I. D. 18(1):83–93.
Evaluation of the Canadian Fire Weather Index System in an Eastern Mediterranean Environment [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
The Fire Weather Index module of the Canadian Forest Fire Danger Rating System (CFFDRS) was evaluated during two consecutive fire seasons in the Mediterranean environment of Crete, Greece. The Duff Moisture Code (DMC), the Drought Code (DC), the Buildup Index (BUI) and the Fire Weather Index (FWI) were highly correlated to fire occurrence but only moderately to area burned. Logistic regression was applied in order to classify the FWI values into fire danger classes appropriate for the Mediterranean environments, as follows: 0-38 Low, 39-48 Moderate, 49-59 High, $>$ 60 Extreme. The new classification was necessary because the existing Canadian fire danger classes were found inapt for the dry and extremely fire prone eastern Mediterranean climate of Crete. After the modification, the fluctuation of the FWI values predicted more successfully the days of high fire risk, as proved by the actual fire occurrence. High correlation was found between measured litter (L layer) moisture values and those predicted by the Fine Fuel Moisture Code (FFMC). The use of an equilibrium duff moisture content value lower than 20\,% in Mediterranean environments, would probably improve the Duff Moisture Code (DMC) predictions. The Drought Code (DC) was poorly correlated to the upper soil moisture content. Overall, the FWI demonstrated several aptitudes related to its potential use as a meteorological fire danger rating index in Mediterranean regions. However, long-term studies are necessary to determine the precise range of each fire danger class according to fire occurrence data.
@article{dimitrakopoulosEvaluationCanadianFire2011,
  title = {Evaluation of the {{Canadian}} Fire Weather Index System in an Eastern {{Mediterranean}} Environment},
  author = {Dimitrakopoulos, A. P. and Bemmerzouk, A. M. and Mitsopoulos, I. D.},
  date = {2011-03},
  journaltitle = {Meteorological Applications},
  volume = {18},
  pages = {83--93},
  issn = {1350-4827},
  doi = {10.1002/met.214},
  url = {http://mfkp.org/INRMM/article/14180800},
  abstract = {The Fire Weather Index module of the Canadian Forest Fire Danger Rating System (CFFDRS) was evaluated during two consecutive fire seasons in the Mediterranean environment of Crete, Greece. The Duff Moisture Code (DMC), the Drought Code (DC), the Buildup Index (BUI) and the Fire Weather Index (FWI) were highly correlated to fire occurrence but only moderately to area burned. Logistic regression was applied in order to classify the FWI values into fire danger classes appropriate for the Mediterranean environments, as follows: 0-38 Low, 39-48 Moderate, 49-59 High, {$>$} 60 Extreme. The new classification was necessary because the existing Canadian fire danger classes were found inapt for the dry and extremely fire prone eastern Mediterranean climate of Crete. After the modification, the fluctuation of the FWI values predicted more successfully the days of high fire risk, as proved by the actual fire occurrence. High correlation was found between measured litter (L layer) moisture values and those predicted by the Fine Fuel Moisture Code (FFMC). The use of an equilibrium duff moisture content value lower than 20\,\% in Mediterranean environments, would probably improve the Duff Moisture Code (DMC) predictions. The Drought Code (DC) was poorly correlated to the upper soil moisture content. Overall, the FWI demonstrated several aptitudes related to its potential use as a meteorological fire danger rating index in Mediterranean regions. However, long-term studies are necessary to determine the precise range of each fire danger class according to fire occurrence data.},
  keywords = {*imported-from-citeulike-INRMM,~INRMM-MiD:c-14180800,~to-add-doi-URL,burnt-area,fire-weather-index,forest-fires,forest-resources,frequency,greece,wildfires},
  number = {1}
}
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