In-situ nonmethane hydrocarbon measurements on saga-3. Donahue, N., M. and Prinn, R., G. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 98:16915-16932, 1993.
abstract   bibtex   
During the third Soviet-American Gas and Aerosol (SAGA 3) expedition to the central Pacific in February to March 1990 we observed C1 - C5 nonmethane hydrocarbons (NMHCs) both in the atmosphere and in the ocean. Atmospheric NMHCs project strongly on two factors: those NMHCs with lifetimes over 1 week (ethane, ethyne, propane, cyclopropane) display north-south latitudinal gradients whose magnitudes are proportional to their photochemical loss rates, which is consistent with a northern hemispheric, continental source, while those NMHCs with lifetimes under 1 week (all alkenes and pentane) do not display latitudinal gradients but do vary in common in a more complicated manner, consistent with a heterogeneous, marine source. Data taken from a sea water equilibrator shows that alkene concentrations vary strongly with wind speed, supporting previous conclusions that sea-air evasion is a major loss term for mixed layer alkenes. A reasonable balance exists between sea-air fluxes and atmospheric column removal for some alkenes (ethene, propene, 1-butene, and 1-pentene), while the remainder are out of balance, with partial pressures insufficient to support atmospheric observations. The total NMHC sea-air flux is about 0.8 mumole m-2 d-1. Both our air and water concentrations fall near the low end of previously observed ranges. It is argued that some previous higher atmospheric observations may reflect systematic problems with canister sampling. During SAGA 3 the role of NMHCs in the remote atmospheric OH budget was secondary though important, accounting (in conjunction with NMHC oxidation products) for 10 to 20% of all OH removal during baseline periods and a substantially larger fraction during episodes of increased NMHC mixing ratios. C1 MIT,CTR GLOBAL CHANGE SCI,CAMBRIDGE,MA 02139.
@article{
 title = {In-situ nonmethane hydrocarbon measurements on saga-3},
 type = {article},
 year = {1993},
 pages = {16915-16932},
 volume = {98},
 id = {7805b25c-b846-342d-87d2-65e7fa3f7fb9},
 created = {2014-10-08T16:28:18.000Z},
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 profile_id = {363623ef-1990-38f1-b354-f5cdaa6548b2},
 group_id = {02267cec-5558-3876-9cfc-78d056bad5b9},
 last_modified = {2017-03-14T17:32:24.802Z},
 read = {false},
 starred = {false},
 authored = {false},
 confirmed = {true},
 hidden = {false},
 citation_key = {Donahue:JGRA:1993a},
 source_type = {article},
 private_publication = {false},
 abstract = {During the third Soviet-American Gas and Aerosol (SAGA
3) expedition to the central Pacific in February to March 1990 we
observed C1 - C5 nonmethane hydrocarbons (NMHCs) both in the
atmosphere and in the ocean. Atmospheric NMHCs project strongly on
two factors: those NMHCs with lifetimes over 1 week (ethane,
ethyne, propane, cyclopropane) display north-south latitudinal
gradients whose magnitudes are proportional to their photochemical
loss rates, which is consistent with a northern hemispheric,
continental source, while those NMHCs with lifetimes under 1 week
(all alkenes and pentane) do not display latitudinal gradients but
do vary in common in a more complicated manner, consistent with a
heterogeneous, marine source. Data taken from a sea water
equilibrator shows that alkene concentrations vary strongly with
wind speed, supporting previous conclusions that sea-air evasion is
a major loss term for mixed layer alkenes. A reasonable balance
exists between sea-air fluxes and atmospheric column removal for
some alkenes (ethene, propene, 1-butene, and 1-pentene), while the
remainder are out of balance, with partial pressures insufficient
to support atmospheric observations. The total NMHC sea-air flux is
about 0.8 mumole m-2 d-1. Both our air and water concentrations
fall near the low end of previously observed ranges. It is argued
that some previous higher atmospheric observations may reflect
systematic problems with canister sampling. During SAGA 3 the role
of NMHCs in the remote atmospheric OH budget was secondary though
important, accounting (in conjunction with NMHC oxidation products)
for 10 to 20% of all OH removal during baseline periods and a
substantially larger fraction during episodes of increased NMHC
mixing ratios.
C1 MIT,CTR GLOBAL CHANGE SCI,CAMBRIDGE,MA 02139.
},
 bibtype = {article},
 author = {Donahue, N M and Prinn, R G},
 journal = {J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos.}
}
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