Individual Vulnerability Factors of Silver Fir (Abies Alba Mill.) to Parasitism by Two Contrasting Biotic Agents: Mistletoe (Viscum Album L. Ssp. Abietis) and Bark Beetles (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) during a Decline Process. Durand-Gillmann, M.; Cailleret, M.; Boivin, T.; Nageleisen, L.; and Davi, H. Annals of Forest Science, 71(6):659–673, 2014.
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[Context] In recent decades, there have been increasing reports of forest decline, especially in Mediterranean forest ecosystems. Decline in tree vitality is usually due to complex interactions between abiotic factors and biotic agents that attack weakened trees. [Aims and methods] Estimating dendrometrical characteristics [basal area increment (BAI), age at DBH from tree ring counting, social status, height, and diameter], tree health status, and a competition index, we investigated the individual vulnerability of a French declining silver fir forest to both mistletoe (Viscum album L. ssp. abietis) and bark beetles (Pityophthorus pityographus Ratz., Pityokteines vorontzovi Jac., and Pityokteines spinidens Reitt.). [Results] BAI was negatively correlated with both mistletoe infection (via mistletoe biomass) and bark beetle attack (number of insects per square meter), but there was evidence of divergence in tree choice between two groups of parasites. Mistletoe preferentially infected isolated and dominant trees that showed higher past growth rates than non-infected ones. Conversely, bark beetles mainly attacked defoliated and preferably declining trees with diameter (DBH) lower than 44.5 cm and slower past growth. [Conclusion] While successive severe drought periods are thought to greatly weaken southern silver fir populations, mistletoe and bark beetles may contribute actively to their decline processes as inciting and contributing factors, respectively.
@article{durand-gillmannIndividualVulnerabilityFactors2014,
  title = {Individual Vulnerability Factors of {{Silver}} Fir ({{Abies}} Alba {{Mill}}.) to Parasitism by Two Contrasting Biotic Agents: Mistletoe ({{Viscum}} Album {{L}}. Ssp. Abietis) and Bark Beetles ({{Coleoptera}}: {{Curculionidae}}: {{Scolytinae}}) during a Decline Process},
  author = {{Durand-Gillmann}, Marion and Cailleret, Maxime and Boivin, Thomas and Nageleisen, Louis-Michel and Davi, Hendrik},
  year = {2014},
  volume = {71},
  pages = {659--673},
  issn = {1297-966X},
  doi = {10.1007/s13595-012-0251-y},
  abstract = {[Context] In recent decades, there have been increasing reports of forest decline, especially in Mediterranean forest ecosystems. Decline in tree vitality is usually due to complex interactions between abiotic factors and biotic agents that attack weakened trees.

[Aims and methods]

Estimating dendrometrical characteristics [basal area increment (BAI), age at DBH from tree ring counting, social status, height, and diameter], tree health status, and a competition index, we investigated the individual vulnerability of a French declining silver fir forest to both mistletoe (Viscum album L. ssp. abietis) and bark beetles (Pityophthorus pityographus Ratz., Pityokteines vorontzovi Jac., and Pityokteines spinidens Reitt.).

[Results]

BAI was negatively correlated with both mistletoe infection (via mistletoe biomass) and bark beetle attack (number of insects per square meter), but there was evidence of divergence in tree choice between two groups of parasites. Mistletoe preferentially infected isolated and dominant trees that showed higher past growth rates than non-infected ones. Conversely, bark beetles mainly attacked defoliated and preferably declining trees with diameter (DBH) lower than 44.5 cm and slower past growth.

[Conclusion]

While successive severe drought periods are thought to greatly weaken southern silver fir populations, mistletoe and bark beetles may contribute actively to their decline processes as inciting and contributing factors, respectively.},
  journal = {Annals of Forest Science},
  keywords = {*imported-from-citeulike-INRMM,~INRMM-MiD:c-13337116,~to-add-doi-URL,abies-alba,abiotic-factors,bark-beetle,biotic-factors,climate-change,coleoptera,curculionidae,forest-pests,mediterranean-region,scolytinae,viscum-album},
  lccn = {INRMM-MiD:c-13337116},
  number = {6}
}
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