Substance Abuse Treatment in Persons with HIV/AIDS: Challenges in Managing Triple Diagnosis. Durvasula, R. and Miller, T. R. Behavioral medicine (Washington, D.C.), 40(2):43–52, 2014.
Substance Abuse Treatment in Persons with HIV/AIDS: Challenges in Managing Triple Diagnosis [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
This paper provides a review of the current literature addressing substance abuse treatment in persons living with HIV/AIDS. Clinical management of HIV must account for the “triple diagnosis” of HIV, psychiatric diagnosis, and substance use disorders and requires integrated treatment services that focus beyond just mitigation of substance use and psychiatric and medical symptoms but also address other health behaviors. Because clinical management of HIV/AIDS has shifted significantly with the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapies (HAART) in the mid 1990's, a literature review focusing on literature published since 2000, and using relevant key words was conducted using a wide range of literature search databases. This literature review was complemented by studies to expand on specific treatment modalities for which there was a dearth of literature addressing HIV infected cohorts and to provide discussion of issues around substance abuse treatment as an HIV prevention tool. Existing models of substance abuse treatment including cognitive behavioral therapy and motivational interviewing have proven to be useful for enhancing adherence and reducing substance use in outpatient populations, while methadone maintenance and directly observed treatment have been useful with specific subgroups of users. Contextualization of services heightens the likelihood of successful outcomes and relapse prevention.
@article{durvasula_substance_2014,
	title = {Substance {Abuse} {Treatment} in {Persons} with {HIV}/{AIDS}: {Challenges} in {Managing} {Triple} {Diagnosis}},
	volume = {40},
	issn = {0896-4289},
	shorttitle = {Substance {Abuse} {Treatment} in {Persons} with {HIV}/{AIDS}},
	url = {https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3999248/},
	doi = {10.1080/08964289.2013.866540},
	abstract = {This paper provides a review of the current literature addressing substance abuse treatment in persons living with HIV/AIDS. Clinical management of HIV must account for the “triple diagnosis” of HIV, psychiatric diagnosis, and substance use disorders and requires integrated treatment services that focus beyond just mitigation of substance use and psychiatric and medical symptoms but also address other health behaviors. Because clinical management of HIV/AIDS has shifted significantly with the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapies (HAART) in the mid 1990's, a literature review focusing on literature published since 2000, and using relevant key words was conducted using a wide range of literature search databases. This literature review was complemented by studies to expand on specific treatment modalities for which there was a dearth of literature addressing HIV infected cohorts and to provide discussion of issues around substance abuse treatment as an HIV prevention tool. Existing models of substance abuse treatment including cognitive behavioral therapy and motivational interviewing have proven to be useful for enhancing adherence and reducing substance use in outpatient populations, while methadone maintenance and directly observed treatment have been useful with specific subgroups of users. Contextualization of services heightens the likelihood of successful outcomes and relapse prevention.},
	number = {2},
	urldate = {2019-05-08},
	journal = {Behavioral medicine (Washington, D.C.)},
	author = {Durvasula, Ramani and Miller, Theodore R.},
	year = {2014},
	pmid = {24274175},
	pmcid = {PMC3999248},
	pages = {43--52}
}
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