Receipt of American Heart Association-Recommended Preconception Health Care Among Privately Insured Women With Congenital Heart Defects, 2007-2013. Farr, S. L.; Downing, K. F.; Ailes, E. C.; Gurvitz, M.; Koontz, G.; Tran, E. L.; Alverson, C. J.; and Oster, M. E. Journal of the American Heart Association, 8(18):e013608, September, 2019.
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Background Our objective was to estimate receipt of preconception health care among women with congenital heart defects (CHD), according to 2017 American Heart Association recommendations, as a baseline for evaluating recommendation implementation. Methods and Results Using 2007 to 2013 IBM MarketScan Commercial Databases, we identified women with CHD diagnosis codes ages 15 to 44 years who became pregnant and were enrolled in health insurance for ≥11 months in the year before estimated conception. We assessed documentation of complete blood count, electrolytes, thyroid-stimulating hormone, liver function, ECG, comprehensive echocardiogram, and exercise stress test, using procedural codes, and outpatient prescription claims for US Food and Drug Administration category D and X cardiac-related medications. Differences were examined according to CHD severity, age, region of residence, year of conception, and documented encounters at obstetric and cardiology practices. We found 2524 pregnancies among 2003 women with CHD (14.4% severe CHD). In the 98.3% of women with a healthcare encounter in the year before conception, \textless1% received all and 22.6% received no American Heart Association-recommended tests or assessments (range: 54.4% for complete blood count to 3.1% for exercise stress test). Women with the highest prevalence of receipt of recommended care were 35 to 44 years old, pregnant in 2012 to 2013, or had a documented obstetric or cardiology encounter in the year before conception (P\textless0.05 for all). In 9.0% of pregnancies, ≥1 prescriptions for US Food and Drug Administration category D or X cardiac-related medications were filled in the year before conception. Conclusions A low percentage of women with CHD received American Heart Association-recommended preconception health care in the year before conception.
@article{farr_receipt_2019,
	title = {Receipt of {American} {Heart} {Association}-{Recommended} {Preconception} {Health} {Care} {Among} {Privately} {Insured} {Women} {With} {Congenital} {Heart} {Defects}, 2007-2013},
	volume = {8},
	issn = {2047-9980},
	doi = {10.1161/JAHA.119.013608},
	abstract = {Background Our objective was to estimate receipt of preconception health care among women with congenital heart defects (CHD), according to 2017 American Heart Association recommendations, as a baseline for evaluating recommendation implementation. Methods and Results Using 2007 to 2013 IBM MarketScan Commercial Databases, we identified women with CHD diagnosis codes ages 15 to 44 years who became pregnant and were enrolled in health insurance for ≥11 months in the year before estimated conception. We assessed documentation of complete blood count, electrolytes, thyroid-stimulating hormone, liver function, ECG, comprehensive echocardiogram, and exercise stress test, using procedural codes, and outpatient prescription claims for US Food and Drug Administration category D and X cardiac-related medications. Differences were examined according to CHD severity, age, region of residence, year of conception, and documented encounters at obstetric and cardiology practices. We found 2524 pregnancies among 2003 women with CHD (14.4\% severe CHD). In the 98.3\% of women with a healthcare encounter in the year before conception, {\textless}1\% received all and 22.6\% received no American Heart Association-recommended tests or assessments (range: 54.4\% for complete blood count to 3.1\% for exercise stress test). Women with the highest prevalence of receipt of recommended care were 35 to 44 years old, pregnant in 2012 to 2013, or had a documented obstetric or cardiology encounter in the year before conception (P{\textless}0.05 for all). In 9.0\% of pregnancies, ≥1 prescriptions for US Food and Drug Administration category D or X cardiac-related medications were filled in the year before conception. Conclusions A low percentage of women with CHD received American Heart Association-recommended preconception health care in the year before conception.},
	language = {eng},
	number = {18},
	journal = {Journal of the American Heart Association},
	author = {Farr, Sherry L. and Downing, Karrie F. and Ailes, Elizabeth C. and Gurvitz, Michelle and Koontz, Gretchen and Tran, Emmy L. and Alverson, C. J. and Oster, Matthew E.},
	month = sep,
	year = {2019},
	pmid = {31510829},
	pmcid = {PMC6818013},
	keywords = {congenital cardiac defect, preconception, pregnancy},
	pages = {e013608},
	file = {Full Text:files/3748/Farr et al. - 2019 - Receipt of American Heart Association-Recommended .pdf:application/pdf}
}
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