Molecular mechanism of AHSP-mediated stabilization of α-hemoglobin. Feng, L., Gell, D., A., Zhou, S., Gu, L., Kong, Y., Li, J., Hu, M., Yan, N., Lee, C., Rich, A., M., Armstrong, R., S., Lay, P., A., Gow, A., J., Weiss, M., J., MacKay, J., P., & Shi, Y. Cell, 119(5):629-640, 2004.
Molecular mechanism of AHSP-mediated stabilization of α-hemoglobin [link]Website  abstract   bibtex   
Hemoglobin A (HbA), the oxygen delivery system in humans, comprises two α and two β subunits. Free α-hemoglobin (αHb) is unstable, and its precipitation contributes to the pathophysiology of β thalassemia. In erythrocytes, the α-hemoglobin stabilizing protein (AHSP) binds αHb and inhibits its precipitation. The crystal structure of AHSP bound to Fe(II)-αHb reveals that AHSP specifically recognizes the G and H helices of αHb through a hydrophobic interface that largely recapitulates the α1-β1 interface of hemoglobin. The AHSP-αHb interactions are extensive but suboptimal, explaining why β-hemoglobin can competitively displace AHSP to form HbA. Remarkably, the Fe(II)-heme group in AHSP bound αHb is coordinated by the distal but not the proximal histidine. Importantly, binding to AHSP facilitates the conversion of oxy-αHb to a deoxygenated, oxidized [Fe(III)], nonreactive form in which all six coordinate positions are occupied. These observations reveal the molecular mechanisms by which AHSP stabilizes free αHb.
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 title = {Molecular mechanism of AHSP-mediated stabilization of α-hemoglobin},
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 year = {2004},
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 pages = {629-640},
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 abstract = {Hemoglobin A (HbA), the oxygen delivery system in humans, comprises two α and two β subunits. Free α-hemoglobin (αHb) is unstable, and its precipitation contributes to the pathophysiology of β thalassemia. In erythrocytes, the α-hemoglobin stabilizing protein (AHSP) binds αHb and inhibits its precipitation. The crystal structure of AHSP bound to Fe(II)-αHb reveals that AHSP specifically recognizes the G and H helices of αHb through a hydrophobic interface that largely recapitulates the α1-β1 interface of hemoglobin. The AHSP-αHb interactions are extensive but suboptimal, explaining why β-hemoglobin can competitively displace AHSP to form HbA. Remarkably, the Fe(II)-heme group in AHSP bound αHb is coordinated by the distal but not the proximal histidine. Importantly, binding to AHSP facilitates the conversion of oxy-αHb to a deoxygenated, oxidized [Fe(III)], nonreactive form in which all six coordinate positions are occupied. These observations reveal the molecular mechanisms by which AHSP stabilizes free αHb.},
 bibtype = {article},
 author = {Feng, Liang and Gell, David A. and Zhou, Suiping and Gu, Lichuan and Kong, Yi and Li, Jianqing and Hu, Min and Yan, Nieng and Lee, Christopher and Rich, Anne M. and Armstrong, Robert S. and Lay, Peter A. and Gow, Andrew J. and Weiss, Mitchell J. and MacKay, Joel P. and Shi, Yigong},
 journal = {Cell},
 number = {5}
}

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