Exposure to polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs): changes in thyroid, vitamin A, glutathione homeostasis, and oxidative stress in American kestrels (Falco sparverius). Fernie, K. J, Shutt, J L., Mayne, G., Hoffman, D., Letcher, R. J, Drouillard, K. G, & Ritchie, I. J Toxicological sciences, 88(2):375--83, December, 2005.
Exposure to polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs): changes in thyroid, vitamin A, glutathione homeostasis, and oxidative stress in American kestrels (Falco sparverius). [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), a class of additive flame retardants, are temporally increasing in wildlife tissues and capable of disrupting normal endocrine function. We determined whether in ovo and post-hatch exposure of captive American kestrels (Falco sparverius) to environmentally relevant PBDEs alter thyroid, retinol, and oxidative stress measures. Control eggs were injected with safflower oil and subsequent nestlings fed the same vehicle; dosed eggs received PBDE congeners (BDE-47, -99, -100, -153), which mainly comprise the Penta-BDE commercial mixture, dissolved in safflower oil at concentrations (1500 ng/g total [Sigma] PBDEs) approximating those in Great Lakes gull eggs. Nestlings hatching from dosed eggs were orally exposed for 29 days to variable SigmaPBDE concentrations that are similar to levels reported in tissues of Great Lakes trout (100 ng/g). Treatment kestrels had lower plasma thyroxine (T(4)), plasma retinol, and hepatic retinol and retinyl palmitate concentrations, but unaltered triiodothyronine (T(3)) concentrations and thyroid glandular structure. BDE-47, -100, and -99 were negatively associated with plasma T(4), plasma retinol (BDE-100, -99) and hepatic retinol (BDE-47). Despite an antioxidant-rich diet, PBDE exposure induced hepatic oxidative stress, particularly in females, with an increased hepatic GSSG:GSH ratio, a marginal increase in lipid peroxidation, and increased oxidized glutathione. Positive associations were found between concentrations of BDE-183 and thiols and, in males, between BDE-99 and reduced GSH, but a negative association occurred between BDE-99 and TBARS. Subsequently, concentrations of PBDE congeners in wild birds may alter thyroid hormone and vitamin A concentrations, glutathione metabolism and oxidative stress.
@article{fernie_exposure_2005,
	title = {Exposure to polybrominated diphenyl ethers ({PBDEs}): changes in thyroid, vitamin {A}, glutathione homeostasis, and oxidative stress in {American} kestrels ({Falco} sparverius).},
	volume = {88},
	issn = {1096-6080},
	url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16120752},
	doi = {10.1093/toxsci/kfi295},
	abstract = {Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), a class of additive flame retardants, are temporally increasing in wildlife tissues and capable of disrupting normal endocrine function. We determined whether in ovo and post-hatch exposure of captive American kestrels (Falco sparverius) to environmentally relevant PBDEs alter thyroid, retinol, and oxidative stress measures. Control eggs were injected with safflower oil and subsequent nestlings fed the same vehicle; dosed eggs received PBDE congeners (BDE-47, -99, -100, -153), which mainly comprise the Penta-BDE commercial mixture, dissolved in safflower oil at concentrations (1500 ng/g total [Sigma] PBDEs) approximating those in Great Lakes gull eggs. Nestlings hatching from dosed eggs were orally exposed for 29 days to variable SigmaPBDE concentrations that are similar to levels reported in tissues of Great Lakes trout (100 ng/g). Treatment kestrels had lower plasma thyroxine (T(4)), plasma retinol, and hepatic retinol and retinyl palmitate concentrations, but unaltered triiodothyronine (T(3)) concentrations and thyroid glandular structure. BDE-47, -100, and -99 were negatively associated with plasma T(4), plasma retinol (BDE-100, -99) and hepatic retinol (BDE-47). Despite an antioxidant-rich diet, PBDE exposure induced hepatic oxidative stress, particularly in females, with an increased hepatic GSSG:GSH ratio, a marginal increase in lipid peroxidation, and increased oxidized glutathione. Positive associations were found between concentrations of BDE-183 and thiols and, in males, between BDE-99 and reduced GSH, but a negative association occurred between BDE-99 and TBARS. Subsequently, concentrations of PBDE congeners in wild birds may alter thyroid hormone and vitamin A concentrations, glutathione metabolism and oxidative stress.},
	number = {2},
	journal = {Toxicological sciences},
	author = {Fernie, Kim J and Shutt, J Laird and Mayne, Greg and Hoffman, David and Letcher, Robert J and Drouillard, Ken G and Ritchie, Ian J},
	month = dec,
	year = {2005},
	pmid = {16120752},
	keywords = {Animals, Environmental Exposure, Environmental Monitoring, Environmental Pollutants, Environmental Pollutants: toxicity, Falconiformes, Falconiformes: metabolism, Female, Flame Retardants: toxicity, Flame retardants, Glutathione, Glutathione: metabolism, Halogenated Diphenyl Ethers, Homeostasis, Homeostasis: drug effects, Male, Newborn, Newborn: metabolism, Ovum, Ovum: drug effects, Oxidative Stress, Oxidative Stress: drug effects, Phenyl Ethers, Phenyl Ethers: toxicity, Polybrominated Biphenyls, Polybrominated Biphenyls: toxicity, Thyroid Gland, Thyroid Gland: drug effects, Thyroid Gland: metabolism, Thyroid Gland: pathology, Thyroid Hormones, Thyroid Hormones: metabolism, Vitamin A, Vitamin A: metabolism, ffr, tox},
	pages = {375--83}
}

Downloads: 0