In 2015 23rd European Signal Processing Conference (EUSIPCO), pages 824-828, Aug, 2015. Paper doi abstract bibtex
Asynchronous event-based cameras use time encoding to code the pixel intensity values. A time encoding of an input pattern generates a random stream of asynchronous events. An event is defined as a pair containing a timestamp and the variation sign of the input signal since the last emitted event. The goal of this paper is the recognition of the input pattern among a set of several known possibilities from the observation of the event stream. This paper proposes a statistical model of the random event stream based on the physical model of the event-based camera. It also calculates the optimal Bayes classifier which recognizes the input pattern. The numerical complexity of the classifier is rather low. The Bayes risk, which measures the performance of the classifier, is numerically evaluated on simulated data. It is compared to the mean number of events, which entails the power consumption of the camera, exploited to take the decision.