Seasonal variation and annual trends of metals and metalloids in the blood of the Little Penguin (Eudyptula minor). Finger, A., Lavers, J., L., Orbell, J., D., Dann, P., Nugegoda, D., & Scarpaci, C. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 110(1):261-273, Elsevier Ltd, 2016.
Seasonal variation and annual trends of metals and metalloids in the blood of the Little Penguin (Eudyptula minor) [link]Website  abstract   bibtex   
Little Penguins (Eudyptula minor) are high-trophic coastal feeders and are effective indicators of bioavailable pollutants in their foraging zones. Here, we present concentrations of metals and metalloids in blood of 157 Little Penguins, collected over three years and during three distinct seasons (breeding, moulting and non-breeding) at two locations: the urban St Kilda colony and the semi-rural colony at Phillip Island, Victoria, Australia. Penguin metal concentrations were foremostly influenced by location (St Kilda > Phillip Island for non-essential elements) and differed among years and seasons at both locations, reflecting differences in seasonal metal bioaccumulation or seasonal exposure through prey. Mean blood mercury concentrations showed an increasing annual trend and a negative correlation with flipper length at St Kilda. Notably, this study is the first to report on blood metal concentrations during the different stages of moult, showing the mechanism of non-essential metal mobilisation and detoxification.
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 title = {Seasonal variation and annual trends of metals and metalloids in the blood of the Little Penguin (Eudyptula minor)},
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 year = {2016},
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 pages = {261-273},
 volume = {110},
 websites = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.06.055},
 publisher = {Elsevier Ltd},
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 abstract = {Little Penguins (Eudyptula minor) are high-trophic coastal feeders and are effective indicators of bioavailable pollutants in their foraging zones. Here, we present concentrations of metals and metalloids in blood of 157 Little Penguins, collected over three years and during three distinct seasons (breeding, moulting and non-breeding) at two locations: the urban St Kilda colony and the semi-rural colony at Phillip Island, Victoria, Australia. Penguin metal concentrations were foremostly influenced by location (St Kilda > Phillip Island for non-essential elements) and differed among years and seasons at both locations, reflecting differences in seasonal metal bioaccumulation or seasonal exposure through prey. Mean blood mercury concentrations showed an increasing annual trend and a negative correlation with flipper length at St Kilda. Notably, this study is the first to report on blood metal concentrations during the different stages of moult, showing the mechanism of non-essential metal mobilisation and detoxification.},
 bibtype = {article},
 author = {Finger, Annett and Lavers, Jennifer L. and Orbell, John D. and Dann, Peter and Nugegoda, Dayanthi and Scarpaci, Carol},
 journal = {Marine Pollution Bulletin},
 number = {1}
}
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