Relation between dry granular flow regimes and morphology of deposits: formation of levées in pyroclastic deposits. Félix, G. & Thomas, N. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 221(1–4):197--213, April, 2004.
Relation between dry granular flow regimes and morphology of deposits: formation of levées in pyroclastic deposits [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
Experiments on dry granular matter flowing down an inclined plane are performed in order to study the dynamics of dense pyroclastic flows. The plane is rough, and always wider than the flow, focusing this study on the case of laterally unconfined (free boundary) flows. We found that several flow regimes exist depending on the input flux and on the inclination of the plane. Each flow regime corresponds to a particular morphology of the associated deposit. In one of these regimes, the flow reaches a steady state, and the deposit exhibits a levée/channel morphology similar to those observed on small pyroclastic flow deposits. The levées result from the combination between lateral static zones on each border of the flow and the drainage of the central part of the flow after the supply stops. Particle segregation features are created during the flow, corresponding to those observed on the deposits of pyroclastic flows. Moreover, the measurements of the deposit morphology (thickness of the channel, height of the levées, width of the deposit) are quantitatively related to parameters of the dynamics of the flow (flux, velocity, height of the flow), leading to a way of studying the flow dynamics from only measurements of the deposit. Some attempts to make extensions to natural cases are discussed through experiments introducing the polydispersity of the particle sizes and the particle segregation process.
@article{felix_relation_2004,
	title = {Relation between dry granular flow regimes and morphology of deposits: formation of levées in pyroclastic deposits},
	volume = {221},
	issn = {0012-821X},
	shorttitle = {Relation between dry granular flow regimes and morphology of deposits},
	url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0012821X04001116},
	doi = {10.1016/S0012-821X(04)00111-6},
	abstract = {Experiments on dry granular matter flowing down an inclined plane are performed in order to study the dynamics of dense pyroclastic flows. The plane is rough, and always wider than the flow, focusing this study on the case of laterally unconfined (free boundary) flows. We found that several flow regimes exist depending on the input flux and on the inclination of the plane. Each flow regime corresponds to a particular morphology of the associated deposit. In one of these regimes, the flow reaches a steady state, and the deposit exhibits a levée/channel morphology similar to those observed on small pyroclastic flow deposits. The levées result from the combination between lateral static zones on each border of the flow and the drainage of the central part of the flow after the supply stops. Particle segregation features are created during the flow, corresponding to those observed on the deposits of pyroclastic flows. Moreover, the measurements of the deposit morphology (thickness of the channel, height of the levées, width of the deposit) are quantitatively related to parameters of the dynamics of the flow (flux, velocity, height of the flow), leading to a way of studying the flow dynamics from only measurements of the deposit. Some attempts to make extensions to natural cases are discussed through experiments introducing the polydispersity of the particle sizes and the particle segregation process.},
	number = {1–4},
	urldate = {2014-06-26TZ},
	journal = {Earth and Planetary Science Letters},
	author = {Félix, Gwenaëlle and Thomas, Nathalie},
	month = apr,
	year = {2004},
	keywords = {frictional granular flow regimes on inclined planes, levée/channel morphology, pyroclastic flows, unconfined dry granular flows},
	pages = {197--213}
}

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