The Economics of Reproducibility in Preclinical Research. Freedman, L. P., Cockburn, I. M., & Simcoe, T. S. PLOS Biology, June, 2015.
The Economics of Reproducibility in Preclinical Research [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
Low reproducibility rates within life science research undermine cumulative knowledge production and contribute to both delays and costs of therapeutic drug development. An analysis of past studies indicates that the cumulative (total) prevalence of irreproducible preclinical research exceeds 50%, resulting in approximately US\$28,000,000,000 (US\$28B)/year spent on preclinical research that is not reproducible—in the United States alone. We outline a framework for solutions and a plan for long-term improvements in reproducibility rates that will help to accelerate the discovery of life-saving therapies and cures.
@article{freedman2015ReproducibilityClininal,
	title = {The {Economics} of {Reproducibility} in {Preclinical} {Research}},
	volume = {13},
	issn = {1545-7885},
	url = {https://journals.plos.org/plosbiology/article?id=10.1371/journal.pbio.1002165},
	doi = {10.1371/journal.pbio.1002165},
	abstract = {Low reproducibility rates within life science research undermine cumulative knowledge production and contribute to both delays and costs of therapeutic drug development. An analysis of past studies indicates that the cumulative (total) prevalence of irreproducible preclinical research exceeds 50\%, resulting in approximately US\$28,000,000,000 (US\$28B)/year spent on preclinical research that is not reproducible—in the United States alone. We outline a framework for solutions and a plan for long-term improvements in reproducibility rates that will help to accelerate the discovery of life-saving therapies and cures.},
	language = {en},
	number = {6},
	urldate = {2019-02-07},
	journal = {PLOS Biology},
	author = {Freedman, Leonard P. and Cockburn, Iain M. and Simcoe, Timothy S.},
	month = jun,
	year = {2015},
	keywords = {Drug research and development, Economics, Finance, Internet, Peer review, Reproducibility, Research reporting guidelines, Research validity}
}

Downloads: 0