From perception to action: phase-locked gamma oscillations correlate with reaction times in a speeded response task. Fründ, I., Busch, N. A., Schadow, J., Körner, U., & Herrmann, C. S. BMC Neurosci, 8:27, 2007.
From perception to action: phase-locked gamma oscillations correlate with reaction times in a speeded response task [pdf]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   1 download  
Phase-locked gamma oscillations have so far mainly been described in relation to perceptual processes such as sensation, attention or memory matching. Due to its very short latency ( approximately 90 ms) such oscillations are a plausible candidate for very rapid integration of sensory and motor processes.We measured EEG in 13 healthy participants in a speeded reaction task. Participants had to press a button as fast as possible whenever a visual stimulus was presented. The stimulus was always identical and did not have to be discriminated from other possible stimuli. In trials in which the participants showed a fast response, a slow negative potential over central electrodes starting approximately 800 ms before the response and highly phase-locked gamma oscillations over central and posterior electrodes between 90 and 140 ms after the stimulus were observed. In trials in which the participants showed a slow response, no slow negative potential was observed and phase-locked gamma oscillations were significantly reduced. Furthermore, for slow response trials the phase-locked gamma oscillations were significantly delayed with respect to fast response trials.These results indicate the relevance of phase-locked gamma oscillations for very fast (not necessarily detailed) integration processes.

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