Oxygen saturation resolution influences regularity measurements. Garde, A., Karlen, W., Dehkordi, P., Ansermino, J., M., & Dumont, G., A. In Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), pages 2257-60, 2014. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society.
Oxygen saturation resolution influences regularity measurements. [pdf]Paper  Oxygen saturation resolution influences regularity measurements. [link]Website  abstract   bibtex   
The measurement of regularity in the oxygen saturation (SpO(2)) signal has been suggested for use in identifying subjects with sleep disordered breathing (SDB). Previous work has shown that children with SDB have lower SpO(2) regularity than subjects without SDB (NonSDB). Regularity was measured using non-linear methods like approximate entropy (ApEn), sample entropy (SamEn) and Lempel-Ziv (LZ) complexity. Different manufacturer's pulse oximeters provide SpO(2) at various resolutions and the effect of this resolution difference on SpO(2) regularity, has not been studied. To investigate this effect, we used the SpO(2) signal of children with and without SDB, recorded from the Phone Oximeter (0.1% resolution) and the same SpO(2) signal rounded to the nearest integer (artificial 1% resolution). To further validate the effect of rounding, we also used the SpO(2) signal (1% resolution) recorded simultaneously from polysomnography (PSG), as a control signal. We estimated SpO(2) regularity by computing the ApEn, SamEn and LZ complexity, using a 5-min sliding window and showed that different resolutions provided significantly different results. The regularity calculated using 0.1% SpO(2) resolution provided no significant differences between SDB and NonSDB. However, the artificial 1% resolution SpO(2) provided significant differences between SDB and NonSDB, showing a more random SpO(2) pattern (lower SpO(2) regularity) in SDB children, as suggested in the past. Similar results were obtained with the SpO(2) recorded from PSG (1% resolution), which further validated that this SpO(2) regularity change was due to the rounding effect. Therefore, the SpO(2) resolution has a great influence in regularity measurements like ApEn, SamEn and LZ complexity that should be considered when studying the SpO(2) pattern in children with SDB.

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