Simulating Chandra observations of galaxy clusters. Gardini, A., Rasia, E., Mazzotta, P., Tormen, G., De Grandi, S., & Moscardini, L. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 351(2):505-514, 2004.
Simulating Chandra observations of galaxy clusters [pdf]Paper  Simulating Chandra observations of galaxy clusters [pdf]Website  abstract   bibtex   
Numerical hydro-N-body simulations are very important tools for making theoretical predictions for the formation of galaxy clusters. They show that the atmospheres of clusters of galaxies have quite complex angular and thermal structures. The full understanding of the physical processes behind these features can be only achieved by direct comparison of observations to hydro-N-body simulations. Although simple in principle, these comparisons are not always trivial. In fact, real data are convolved with the instrument response which may substantially influence the apparent properties of the studied features. To overcome this problem we build the software package X-MAS devoted to simulate X-ray observations of galaxy clusters obtained from hydro-N-body simulations. In this paper we present how this software package works and discuss its application to the simulation of Chandra ACIS-S3 observations. We compare some of the main physical properties of the input data to the ones derived from simulated observations after performing a standard imaging and spectral analysis. We show that, if the thermal structure of the cluster along a particular line of sight is quite complex, the projected spectroscopic temperature obtained from the observation is significantly lower than the emission-weighed value inferred directly from hydrodynamical simulation. This implies that much attention must be paid in the theoretical interpretation of observational temperatures.
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 title = {Simulating Chandra observations of galaxy clusters},
 type = {article},
 year = {2004},
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 keywords = {Cosmology: observations,Galaxies: clusters: general,Hydrodynamics,Methods: N-body simulations,Methods: numerical,X-rays: galaxies},
 pages = {505-514},
 volume = {351},
 websites = {http://articles.adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-iarticle_query?db_key=AST&bibcode=2004MNRAS.351..505G&letter=0&classic=YES&defaultprint=YES&whole_paper=YES&page=505&epage=505&send=Send+PDF&filetype=.pdf},
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 abstract = {Numerical hydro-N-body simulations are very important tools for making theoretical predictions for the formation of galaxy clusters. They show that the atmospheres of clusters of galaxies have quite complex angular and thermal structures. The full understanding of the physical processes behind these features can be only achieved by direct comparison of observations to hydro-N-body simulations. Although simple in principle, these comparisons are not always trivial. In fact, real data are convolved with the instrument response which may substantially influence the apparent properties of the studied features. To overcome this problem we build the software package X-MAS devoted to simulate X-ray observations of galaxy clusters obtained from hydro-N-body simulations. In this paper we present how this software package works and discuss its application to the simulation of Chandra ACIS-S3 observations. We compare some of the main physical properties of the input data to the ones derived from simulated observations after performing a standard imaging and spectral analysis. We show that, if the thermal structure of the cluster along a particular line of sight is quite complex, the projected spectroscopic temperature obtained from the observation is significantly lower than the emission-weighed value inferred directly from hydrodynamical simulation. This implies that much attention must be paid in the theoretical interpretation of observational temperatures.},
 bibtype = {article},
 author = {Gardini, A. and Rasia, E. and Mazzotta, P. and Tormen, G. and De Grandi, S. and Moscardini, L.},
 journal = {Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
 number = {2}
}
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