An illustrated anatomical ontology of the developing mouse lower urogenital tract. Georgas, K., Armstrong, J, Keast, J., Larkins, C., McHugh, K., Southard-Smith, E., Cohn, M., Batourina, E, Dan, H, Schneider, K, Buehler, D., Wiese, C., Brennan, J, Davies, J., Harding, S., Baldock, R., Little, M., Vezina, C., & Mendelsohn, C Development, 142(10):1893–908, May, 2015.
doi  abstract   bibtex   
Malformation of the urogenital tract represents a considerable paediatric burden, with many defects affecting the lower urinary tract (LUT), genital tubercle and associated structures. Understanding the molecular basis of such defects frequently draws on murine models. However, human anatomical terms do not always superimpose on the mouse, and the lack of accurate and standardised nomenclature is hampering the utility of such animal models. We previously developed an anatomical ontology for the murine urogenital system. Here, we present a comprehensive update of this ontology pertaining to mouse LUT, genital tubercle and associated reproductive structures (E10.5 to adult). Ontology changes were based on recently published insights into the cellular and gross anatomy of these structures, and on new analyses of epithelial cell types present in the pelvic urethra and regions of the bladder. Ontology changes include new structures, tissue layers and cell types within the LUT, external genitalia and lower reproductive structures. Representative illustrations, detailed text descriptions and molecular markers that selectively label muscle, nerves/ganglia and epithelia of the lower urogenital system are also presented. The revised ontology will be an important tool for researchers studying urogenital development/malformation in mouse models and will improve our capacity to appropriately interpret these with respect to the human situation.
@article{georgas_illustrated_2015,
	title = {An illustrated anatomical ontology of the developing mouse lower urogenital tract},
	volume = {142},
	doi = {10.1242/dev.117903},
	abstract = {Malformation of the urogenital tract represents a considerable paediatric burden, with many defects affecting the lower urinary tract (LUT), genital tubercle and associated structures. Understanding the molecular basis of such defects frequently draws on murine models. However, human anatomical terms do not always superimpose on the mouse, and the lack of accurate and standardised nomenclature is hampering the utility of such animal models. We previously developed an anatomical ontology for the murine urogenital system. Here, we present a comprehensive update of this ontology pertaining to mouse LUT, genital tubercle and associated reproductive structures (E10.5 to adult). Ontology changes were based on recently published insights into the cellular and gross anatomy of these structures, and on new analyses of epithelial cell types present in the pelvic urethra and regions of the bladder. Ontology changes include new structures, tissue layers and cell types within the LUT, external genitalia and lower reproductive structures. Representative illustrations, detailed text descriptions and molecular markers that selectively label muscle, nerves/ganglia and epithelia of the lower urogenital system are also presented. The revised ontology will be an important tool for researchers studying urogenital development/malformation in mouse models and will improve our capacity to appropriately interpret these with respect to the human situation.},
	number = {10},
	journal = {Development},
	author = {Georgas, KM and Armstrong, J and Keast, JR and Larkins, CE and McHugh, KM and Southard-Smith, EM and Cohn, MJ and Batourina, E and Dan, H and Schneider, K and Buehler, DP and Wiese, CB and Brennan, J and Davies, JA and Harding, SD and Baldock, RA and Little, MH and Vezina, CM and Mendelsohn, C},
	month = may,
	year = {2015},
	pages = {1893--908},
}
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