Real-time remote monitoring of water quality: a review of current applications, and advancements in sensor, telemetry, and computing technologies. Glasgow, H. B, Burkholder, J. M, Reed, R. E, Lewitus, A. J, & Kleinman, J. E Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 300(1–2):409–448, March, 2004.
Real-time remote monitoring of water quality: a review of current applications, and advancements in sensor, telemetry, and computing technologies [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
Recent advances in communication and sensor technology have catalyzed progress in remote monitoring capabilities for water quality. As a result, the ability to characterize dynamic hydrologic properties at adequate temporal and spatial scales has greatly improved. These advances have led to improved statistical and mechanistic modeling in monitoring of water quality trends at local, watershed and regional scales for freshwater, estuarine and marine ecosystems. In addition, they have greatly enhanced rapid (e.g., real-time) detection of hydrologic variability, recognized as a critical need for early warning systems and rapid response to harmful algal bloom events. Here, we present some of the landmark developments and technological achievements that led to the advent of real-time remote monitors for hydrologic properties. We conclude that increased use and continuing advancements of real-time remote monitoring (RTRM) and sensing technologies will become a progressively more important tool for evaluating water quality. Recent engineering and deployment of RTRM technologies by federal and state regulatory agencies, industries, and academic laboratories is now permitting rapid detection of, and responses to, environmental threats imposed by increased nutrient loadings, development of hypoxic and anoxic areas, toxicants, and harmful algal bloom outbreaks leading to fish kill events and potential human health impacts.
@article{glasgow_real-time_2004,
	series = {{VOLUME} 300 {Special} {Issue}},
	title = {Real-time remote monitoring of water quality: a review of current applications, and advancements in sensor, telemetry, and computing technologies},
	volume = {300},
	issn = {0022-0981},
	shorttitle = {Real-time remote monitoring of water quality},
	url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022098104001066},
	doi = {10.1016/j.jembe.2004.02.022},
	abstract = {Recent advances in communication and sensor technology have catalyzed progress in remote monitoring capabilities for water quality. As a result, the ability to characterize dynamic hydrologic properties at adequate temporal and spatial scales has greatly improved. These advances have led to improved statistical and mechanistic modeling in monitoring of water quality trends at local, watershed and regional scales for freshwater, estuarine and marine ecosystems. In addition, they have greatly enhanced rapid (e.g., real-time) detection of hydrologic variability, recognized as a critical need for early warning systems and rapid response to harmful algal bloom events. Here, we present some of the landmark developments and technological achievements that led to the advent of real-time remote monitors for hydrologic properties. We conclude that increased use and continuing advancements of real-time remote monitoring (RTRM) and sensing technologies will become a progressively more important tool for evaluating water quality. Recent engineering and deployment of RTRM technologies by federal and state regulatory agencies, industries, and academic laboratories is now permitting rapid detection of, and responses to, environmental threats imposed by increased nutrient loadings, development of hypoxic and anoxic areas, toxicants, and harmful algal bloom outbreaks leading to fish kill events and potential human health impacts.},
	number = {1–2},
	urldate = {2015-11-03TZ},
	journal = {Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology},
	author = {Glasgow, Howard B and Burkholder, JoAnn M and Reed, Robert E and Lewitus, Alan J and Kleinman, Joseph E},
	month = mar,
	year = {2004},
	keywords = {Communications, Harmful algal blooms, Real-time remote monitoring, Sensor technology, Telemetry, Water quality},
	pages = {409--448}
}
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