Industrial Clusters: Complexes, Agglomeration and/or Social Networks?. Gordon, I. R. & Mc Cann, P. Urban Studies, 37:3:513–532, 2000.
Industrial Clusters: Complexes, Agglomeration and/or Social Networks? [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
The concept of industrial clusters has attracted much attention during the pastdecade, both as descriptive of an increasingly important phenomenon and as a basis for effectivepublic intervention in the economies of lagging city-regions. However, there is much ambiguityin the way in which this concept is used, presenting an obstacle both to empirical testing and torealistic assessments of policy relevance. In this paper, we distinguish three ideal-typical modelsof processes which may underlie spatial concentrations of related activities, with very differentimplications both in terms of relevant evidence and the scope for promotional policies. Surveydata for the London conurbation are used to explore the relation between concentration anddifferent forms of linkage, with results which point to the dominance of pure agglomerationeffects in this context at least.
@article{gordon_industrial_2000,
	title = {Industrial {Clusters}: {Complexes}, {Agglomeration} and/or {Social} {Networks}?},
	volume = {37:3},
	url = {https://www.academia.edu/20487908/Industrial_Clusters_Complexes_Agglomeration_and_or_Social_Networks},
	doi = {10.1080/0042098002096},
	abstract = {The concept of industrial clusters has attracted much attention during the pastdecade, both as descriptive of an increasingly important phenomenon and as a basis for effectivepublic intervention in the economies of lagging city-regions. However, there is much ambiguityin the way in which this concept is used, presenting an obstacle both to empirical testing and torealistic assessments of policy relevance. In this paper, we distinguish three ideal-typical modelsof processes which may underlie spatial concentrations of related activities, with very differentimplications both in terms of relevant evidence and the scope for promotional policies. Surveydata for the London conurbation are used to explore the relation between concentration anddifferent forms of linkage, with results which point to the dominance of pure agglomerationeffects in this context at least.},
	language = {en},
	journal = {Urban Studies},
	author = {Gordon, Ian R. and Mc Cann, Philip},
	year = {2000},
	keywords = {2. Clusters et réseaux},
	pages = {513--532}
}

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