Policy Knowledge: Epistemic Communities. Haas, P. M. In Smelser, N. J. & Baltes, P. B., editors, International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, pages 11578--11586. Pergamon, Oxford, 2001.
Policy Knowledge: Epistemic Communities [link]Paper  abstract   bibtex   
Epistemic communities are one of the principal actors responsible for aggregating and articulating knowledge in terms of state interests for decision makers, and disseminating those beliefs internationally. In a broader political context, epistemic communities provide one of the major channels by which overarching regime principles, norms and rules are articulated for the international community, and disseminated internationally. Epistemic communities' major power resource is their reputation for impartial expertise. They provide scarce information that is of value to decision makers who are uncertain about the complex policy environment confronting them, particularly in instances of new issues with which they are politically and technically unfamiliar. While epistemic communities are the principal agents responsible for articulating such principles, norms, and rules, the extent to which they become more deeply diffused and embedded internationally has to do with the political influence of epistemic community members; their ability to persuade others, their ability to consolidate bureaucratic influence in important institutional venues, and their ability to retain influence over time. When they succeed, subsequent state interests and decisions to deploy state power are identified subject to their consensual knowledge.
@incollection{haas_policy_2001,
	address = {Oxford},
	title = {Policy {Knowledge}: {Epistemic} {Communities}},
	isbn = {978-0-08-043076-8},
	shorttitle = {Policy {Knowledge}},
	url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com.proxy.lib.sfu.ca/science/article/B7MRM-4MT09VJ-2VR/2/99d3ff6a6b16616d69b8c31914a594bb},
	abstract = {Epistemic communities are one of the principal actors responsible for aggregating and articulating knowledge in terms of state interests for decision makers, and disseminating those beliefs internationally. In a broader political context, epistemic communities provide one of the major channels by which overarching regime principles, norms and rules are articulated for the international community, and disseminated internationally. Epistemic communities' major power resource is their reputation for impartial expertise. They provide scarce information that is of value to decision makers who are uncertain about the complex policy environment confronting them, particularly in instances of new issues with which they are politically and technically unfamiliar. While epistemic communities are the principal agents responsible for articulating such principles, norms, and rules, the extent to which they become more deeply diffused and embedded internationally has to do with the political influence of epistemic community members; their ability to persuade others, their ability to consolidate bureaucratic influence in important institutional venues, and their ability to retain influence over time. When they succeed, subsequent state interests and decisions to deploy state power are identified subject to their consensual knowledge.},
	urldate = {2010-01-04},
	booktitle = {International {Encyclopedia} of the {Social} \& {Behavioral} {Sciences}},
	publisher = {Pergamon},
	author = {Haas, P. M.},
	editor = {Neil J. Smelser and Paul B. Baltes},
	year = {2001},
	pages = {11578--11586},
	file = {ScienceDirect Full Text PDF:files/21438/Haas - 2001 - Policy Knowledge Epistemic Communities.pdf:application/pdf;ScienceDirect Snapshot:files/21439/science.html:text/html}
}
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