Success Factors in Integrated Natural Resource Management R&D: Lessons from Practice. Hagmann, J., Chuma, E., Murwira, K., Connolly, M., & Ficarelli, P. Ecology and Society, 5(2):29++, 2001.
abstract   bibtex   
This paper analyzes integrated natural resource management (INRM) lessons and success factors based on a practical case study over more than 10 years in Zimbabwe. The work was geared toward enhancing the adaptive management capacity of the stakeholders in their resource-use systems. One main result was the development and institutionalization of an approach for participatory and integrated NRM research and extension. The INRM approach described is grounded in a learning paradigm and a combination of theories: the constructivist perspective to development, systemic intervention, and learning process approaches. Participatory action research and experiential learning, in which researchers engage themselves as actors rather than neutral analysts in an R&D process to explore the livelihood system and develop appropriate solutions together with the resource users, has shown high potential. However, this should be guided by a clear strategy, impact orientation, and high-quality process facilitation at different levels. The case study revealed the importance of a '' reflective practitioner'' approach by all actors. More effective response to the challenges of increasing complexity in NRM requires a shift in thinking from the linearity of research-extension-farmer to alternative, multiple-actor institutional arrangements and innovation systems. To overcome the weak attribution of research outcomes to actual impact, it also suggests an alternative to conventional impact assessment in INRM R&D interventions.
@article{hagmannSuccessFactorsIntegrated2001,
  title = {Success {{Factors}} in {{Integrated Natural Resource Management R}}\&{{D}}: {{Lessons}} from {{Practice}}},
  author = {Hagmann, J{\"u}rgen and Chuma, Edward and Murwira, Kuda and Connolly, Mike and Ficarelli, Paolo},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {5},
  pages = {29++},
  issn = {1708-3087},
  abstract = {This paper analyzes integrated natural resource management (INRM) lessons and success factors based on a practical case study over more than 10 years in Zimbabwe. The work was geared toward enhancing the adaptive management capacity of the stakeholders in their resource-use systems. One main result was the development and institutionalization of an approach for participatory and integrated NRM research and extension. The INRM approach described is grounded in a learning paradigm and a combination of theories: the constructivist perspective to development, systemic intervention, and learning process approaches. Participatory action research and experiential learning, in which researchers engage themselves as actors rather than neutral analysts in an R\&D process to explore the livelihood system and develop appropriate solutions together with the resource users, has shown high potential. However, this should be guided by a clear strategy, impact orientation, and high-quality process facilitation at different levels. The case study revealed the importance of a '' reflective practitioner'' approach by all actors. More effective response to the challenges of increasing complexity in NRM requires a shift in thinking from the linearity of research-extension-farmer to alternative, multiple-actor institutional arrangements and innovation systems. To overcome the weak attribution of research outcomes to actual impact, it also suggests an alternative to conventional impact assessment in INRM R\&D interventions.},
  journal = {Ecology and Society},
  keywords = {*imported-from-citeulike-INRMM,~INRMM-MiD:c-12604012,adaptation,assessment,decision-making,integration-techniques,multi-stakeholder-decision-making,participation,participatory-modelling,zimbabwe},
  lccn = {INRMM-MiD:c-12604012},
  number = {2}
}
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