Influence of Landscape Structure on Patterns of Forest Fires in Boreal Forest Landscapes in Sweden. Hellberg, E., Niklasson, M., & Granström, A. 34(2):332–338.
Influence of Landscape Structure on Patterns of Forest Fires in Boreal Forest Landscapes in Sweden [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
To analyze the effect of landscape structure (viz. amount of wetlands) on the past forest fire regime in boreal Sweden, we reconstructed detailed fire histories by cross-dating fire scars in living and dead Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) in two different landscape types: mire-free landscapes with a low proportion (1\,%-2\,%) of mires and mire-rich landscapes with a high proportion (21\,%-33\,%) of mires. Two localities were selected and at each one, adjacent mire-free and mire-rich areas of 256-601 ha were sampled. Over the studied 650-year period, the two landscape types differed primarily in the fire intervals and sizes of fires. In the mire-rich landscapes, fires had frequently stopped against mire elements. The net effect was significantly longer fire intervals in the mire-rich than in the mire-free landscape (on average, 32 versus 56 years). The mire-rich areas also had a tail of very long fire intervals lacking in the mire-free areas (maximal interval 292 years). We conclude that mires can have a profound effect on both spatial and temporal patterns of forest fires in the boreal forest, but only when they are effective fuel breaks (i.e., they are wet enough) at the time the fires burn and if they truly dissect the nonmire portion of the forest landscape.
@article{hellbergInfluenceLandscapeStructure2004,
  title = {Influence of Landscape Structure on Patterns of Forest Fires in Boreal Forest Landscapes in {{Sweden}}},
  author = {Hellberg, Erik and Niklasson, Mats and Granström, Anders},
  date = {2004-02},
  journaltitle = {Canadian Journal of Forest Research},
  volume = {34},
  pages = {332--338},
  issn = {1208-6037},
  doi = {10.1139/x03-175},
  url = {http://mfkp.org/INRMM/article/14426179},
  abstract = {To analyze the effect of landscape structure (viz. amount of wetlands) on the past forest fire regime in boreal Sweden, we reconstructed detailed fire histories by cross-dating fire scars in living and dead Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) in two different landscape types: mire-free landscapes with a low proportion (1\,\%-2\,\%) of mires and mire-rich landscapes with a high proportion (21\,\%-33\,\%) of mires. Two localities were selected and at each one, adjacent mire-free and mire-rich areas of 256-601 ha were sampled. Over the studied 650-year period, the two landscape types differed primarily in the fire intervals and sizes of fires. In the mire-rich landscapes, fires had frequently stopped against mire elements. The net effect was significantly longer fire intervals in the mire-rich than in the mire-free landscape (on average, 32 versus 56 years). The mire-rich areas also had a tail of very long fire intervals lacking in the mire-free areas (maximal interval 292 years). We conclude that mires can have a profound effect on both spatial and temporal patterns of forest fires in the boreal forest, but only when they are effective fuel breaks (i.e., they are wet enough) at the time the fires burn and if they truly dissect the nonmire portion of the forest landscape.},
  keywords = {*imported-from-citeulike-INRMM,~INRMM-MiD:c-14426179,~to-add-doi-URL,boreal-forests,fire-frequency,forest-fires,forest-resources,mires,spatial-pattern,water-resources,wetlands,wildfires},
  number = {2}
}
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