AI Could Threaten Pharmaceutical Patents. Heuer, L. 558(7711):519.
AI Could Threaten Pharmaceutical Patents [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
[Excerpt] Artificial intelligence could help to identify more-effective candidate drugs [...] A patent is granted only when a compound's application can be classified as both 'new' and 'invented'. A highly effective compound thrown up by an AI algorithm could indeed be new. Whether it is 'invented', however, is debatable. This is because the inventor might be considered as either the algorithm (so not a person) or its programmer. [...]
@article{heuerAICouldThreaten2018,
  title = {{{AI}} Could Threaten Pharmaceutical Patents},
  author = {Heuer, Lutz},
  date = {2018-06},
  journaltitle = {Nature},
  volume = {558},
  pages = {519},
  issn = {0028-0836},
  doi = {10.1038/d41586-018-05555-6},
  url = {https://doi.org/10.1038/d41586-018-05555-6},
  abstract = {[Excerpt] Artificial intelligence could help to identify more-effective candidate drugs [...] A patent is granted only when a compound's application can be classified as both 'new' and 'invented'. A highly effective compound thrown up by an AI algorithm could indeed be new. Whether it is 'invented', however, is debatable. This is because the inventor might be considered as either the algorithm (so not a person) or its programmer. [...]},
  keywords = {*imported-from-citeulike-INRMM,~INRMM-MiD:c-14608991,~to-add-doi-URL,authorship,bias-disembodied-science-vs-computational-scholarship,bias-toward-primacy-of-theory-over-reality,ethics,legislation,machine-learning,science-ethics,scientific-misconduct,technical-vs-scientific,technology},
  number = {7711}
}
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