Density-Dependent Mortality and the Latitudinal Gradient in Species Diversity. Hille Ris Lambers, J., Clark, J. S., & Beckage, B. 417(6890):732–735.
Density-Dependent Mortality and the Latitudinal Gradient in Species Diversity [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
Ecologists have long postulated that density-dependent mortality maintains high tree diversity in the tropics1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. If species experience greater mortality when abundant, then more rare species can persist1, 2, 7, 8, 9. Agents of density-dependent mortality (such as host-specific predators, and pathogens) may be more prevalent or have stronger effects in tropical forests, because they are not limited by climatic factors1, 2, 3, 4, 5. If so, decreasing density-dependent mortality with increasing latitude could partially explain the observed latitudinal gradient in tree diversity4, 5, 6. This hypothesis has never been tested with latitudinal data. Here we show that several temperate tree species experience density-dependent mortality between seed dispersal and seedling establishment. The proportion of species affected is equivalent to that in tropical forests6, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, failing to support the hypothesis that this mechanism is more prevalent at tropical latitudes. We further show that density-dependent mortality is misinterpreted in previous studies. Our results and evidence from other studies suggest that density-dependent mortality is important in many forests. Thus, unless the strength of density-dependent mortality varies with latitude, this mechanism is not likely to explain the high diversity of tropical forests.
@article{hillerislambersDensitydependentMortalityLatitudinal2002,
  title = {Density-Dependent Mortality and the Latitudinal Gradient in Species Diversity},
  author = {Hille Ris Lambers, Janneke and Clark, James S. and Beckage, Brian},
  date = {2002-06},
  journaltitle = {Nature},
  volume = {417},
  pages = {732--735},
  issn = {0028-0836},
  doi = {10.1038/nature00809},
  url = {https://doi.org/10.1038/nature00809},
  abstract = {Ecologists have long postulated that density-dependent mortality maintains high tree diversity in the tropics1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. If species experience greater mortality when abundant, then more rare species can persist1, 2, 7, 8, 9. Agents of density-dependent mortality (such as host-specific predators, and pathogens) may be more prevalent or have stronger effects in tropical forests, because they are not limited by climatic factors1, 2, 3, 4, 5. If so, decreasing density-dependent mortality with increasing latitude could partially explain the observed latitudinal gradient in tree diversity4, 5, 6. This hypothesis has never been tested with latitudinal data. Here we show that several temperate tree species experience density-dependent mortality between seed dispersal and seedling establishment. The proportion of species affected is equivalent to that in tropical forests6, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, failing to support the hypothesis that this mechanism is more prevalent at tropical latitudes. We further show that density-dependent mortality is misinterpreted in previous studies. Our results and evidence from other studies suggest that density-dependent mortality is important in many forests. Thus, unless the strength of density-dependent mortality varies with latitude, this mechanism is not likely to explain the high diversity of tropical forests.},
  keywords = {*imported-from-citeulike-INRMM,~INRMM-MiD:c-13344083,density-related-behaviour,diversity,feedback,homeostasis,tree-mortality},
  number = {6890}
}
Downloads: 0