Incidence of urinary tract infection among patients with type 2 diabetes in the UK General Practice Research Database (GPRD). Hirji, I., Guo, Z., Andersson, S. W., Hammar, N., & Gomez-Caminero, A. Journal of Diabetes and Its Complications, 26(6):513--516, December, 2012.
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The objective of this observational study was to quantify the incidence of urinary tract infections (UTI) among diabetes patients and compare this risk to patients without diabetes. Type 2 diabetes patients and a matched sample of patients without diabetes were identified from GPRD. Patients were followed for 1-year from their study index date until the first record of a UTI or a censored event. The incidence of UTI was 46.9 per 1000 person-years (95% confidence interval (CI) 45.8-48.1) among diabetes patients and 29.9 (95% CI 28.9-30.8) for patients without diabetes. Compared to the non-diabetes patients, the risk of UTI was 1.53 (95% CI 1.46-1.59) for all diabetes patients; and 2.08 (95% CI 1.93-2.24) for patients with previously diagnosed diabetes. In general practice, across gender and age, the risk of developing a UTI is higher for patients with type 2 diabetes compared to patients without diabetes.
@article{hirji_incidence_2012,
	title = {Incidence of urinary tract infection among patients with type 2 diabetes in the {UK} {General} {Practice} {Research} {Database} ({GPRD})},
	volume = {26},
	issn = {1873-460X},
	doi = {10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2012.06.008},
	abstract = {The objective of this observational study was to quantify the incidence of urinary tract infections (UTI) among diabetes patients and compare this risk to patients without diabetes. Type 2 diabetes patients and a matched sample of patients without diabetes were identified from GPRD. Patients were followed for 1-year from their study index date until the first record of a UTI or a censored event. The incidence of UTI was 46.9 per 1000 person-years (95\% confidence interval (CI) 45.8-48.1) among diabetes patients and 29.9 (95\% CI 28.9-30.8) for patients without diabetes. Compared to the non-diabetes patients, the risk of UTI was 1.53 (95\% CI 1.46-1.59) for all diabetes patients; and 2.08 (95\% CI 1.93-2.24) for patients with previously diagnosed diabetes. In general practice, across gender and age, the risk of developing a UTI is higher for patients with type 2 diabetes compared to patients without diabetes.},
	language = {eng},
	number = {6},
	journal = {Journal of Diabetes and Its Complications},
	author = {Hirji, Ishan and Guo, Zhenchao and Andersson, Susan W. and Hammar, Niklas and Gomez-Caminero, Andres},
	month = dec,
	year = {2012},
	pmid = {22889712},
	keywords = {Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Cohort Studies, Databases, Factual, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Female, Follow-Up Studies, General Practice, Great Britain, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Middle Aged, Recurrence, Risk, Urinary Tract Infections, Young Adult, incidence},
	pages = {513--516}
}

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