In Defense of the Black Box. Holm, E. A. 364(6435):26–27.
In Defense of the Black Box [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
he science fiction writer Douglas Adams imagined the greatest computer ever built, Deep Thought, programmed to answer the deepest question ever asked: the Great Question of Life, the Universe, and Everything. After 7.5 million years of processing, Deep Thought revealed its answer: Forty-two (1). As artificial intelligence (AI) systems enter every sector of human endeavor - including science, engineering, and health - humanity is confronted by the same conundrum that Adams encapsulated so succinctly: What good is knowing the answer when it is unclear why it is the answer? What good is a black box?
@article{holmDefenseBlackBox2019,
  title = {In Defense of the Black Box},
  author = {Holm, Elizabeth A.},
  date = {2019},
  journaltitle = {Science},
  volume = {364},
  pages = {26--27},
  issn = {1095-9203},
  doi = {10.1126/science.aax0162},
  url = {https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aax0162},
  urldate = {2019-04-08},
  abstract = {he science fiction writer Douglas Adams imagined the greatest computer ever built, Deep Thought, programmed to answer the deepest question ever asked: the Great Question of Life, the Universe, and Everything. After 7.5 million years of processing, Deep Thought revealed its answer: Forty-two (1). As artificial intelligence (AI) systems enter every sector of human endeavor - including science, engineering, and health - humanity is confronted by the same conundrum that Adams encapsulated so succinctly: What good is knowing the answer when it is unclear why it is the answer? What good is a black box?},
  keywords = {~INRMM-MiD:z-EVMAGQ64,artificial-intelligence,bias-disembodied-science-vs-computational-scholarship,computational-science,computational-science-automation,computational-science-literacy,epistemology,ethics,science-ethics,transparency},
  number = {6435}
}
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