Metal tissue levels in Steller sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus) pups. Holmes, A., L.; Wise, S., S.; Goertz, C., E., C.; Dunn, J., L.; Gulland, F., M., D.; Gelatt, T.; Beckmen, K., B.; Burek, K.; Atkinson, S.; Bozza, M.; Taylor, R.; Zheng, T.; Zhang, Y.; Aboueissa, A.; and Wise, J., P. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 56(8):1416-1421, 8, 2008.
Metal tissue levels in Steller sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus) pups. [link]Website  abstract   bibtex   
The endangered Western population of the Steller sea lion declined for three decades for uncertain reasons. We present baseline data of metal concentrations in pups as a first step towards investigating the potential threat of developmental exposures to contaminants. Seven metals were investigated: arsenic, cadmium, silver, aluminum, mercury, lead and vanadium. Vanadium was detected in only a single blubber sample. Mercury appears to be the most toxicologically significant metal with concentrations in the liver well above the current action level for mercury in fish. The concentrations of aluminum, arsenic, silver, cadmium and lead were present in one-fourth to two-thirds of all samples and were at either comparable or below concentrations previously reported. Neither gender nor region had a significant effect on metal burdens. Future work should consider metal concentrations in juveniles and adults and toxicological studies need to be performed to begin to assess the toxicity of these metals.
@article{
 title = {Metal tissue levels in Steller sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus) pups.},
 type = {article},
 year = {2008},
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 keywords = {A0080,AK,GBMS,US_MM_038,rec# 17466},
 pages = {1416-1421},
 volume = {56},
 websites = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18599091},
 month = {8},
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 abstract = {The endangered Western population of the Steller sea lion declined for three decades for uncertain reasons. We present baseline data of metal concentrations in pups as a first step towards investigating the potential threat of developmental exposures to contaminants. Seven metals were investigated: arsenic, cadmium, silver, aluminum, mercury, lead and vanadium. Vanadium was detected in only a single blubber sample. Mercury appears to be the most toxicologically significant metal with concentrations in the liver well above the current action level for mercury in fish. The concentrations of aluminum, arsenic, silver, cadmium and lead were present in one-fourth to two-thirds of all samples and were at either comparable or below concentrations previously reported. Neither gender nor region had a significant effect on metal burdens. Future work should consider metal concentrations in juveniles and adults and toxicological studies need to be performed to begin to assess the toxicity of these metals.},
 bibtype = {article},
 author = {Holmes, Amie L and Wise, Sandra S and Goertz, Caroline E C and Dunn, J Lawrence and Gulland, Frances M D and Gelatt, Tom and Beckmen, Kimberlee B and Burek, Kathy and Atkinson, Shannon and Bozza, Mary and Taylor, Robert and Zheng, Tongzhang and Zhang, Yawei and Aboueissa, Abouel-Makarim and Wise, John Pierce},
 journal = {Marine Pollution Bulletin},
 number = {8}
}
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