Time dependent intrinsic correlation analysis of temperature and dissolved oxygen time series using empirical mode decomposition. Huang, Y. & Schmitt, F. G. 130:90–100.
Time dependent intrinsic correlation analysis of temperature and dissolved oxygen time series using empirical mode decomposition [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
In the marine environment, many fields have fluctuations over a large range of different spatial and temporal scales. These quantities can be nonlinear and non-stationary, and often interact with each other. A good method to study the multiple scale dynamics of such time series, and their correlations, is needed. In this paper an application of an empirical mode decomposition based time dependent intrinsic correlation, of two coastal oceanic time series, temperature and dissolved oxygen (saturation percentage) is presented. The two time series are recorded every 20min for 7years, from 2004 to 2011. The application of the empirical mode decomposition on such time series is illustrated, and the power spectra of the time series are estimated using the Hilbert transform (Hilbert spectral analysis). Power-law regimes are found with slopes of 1.33 for dissolved oxygen and 1.68 for temperature at high frequencies (between 1.2 and 12h) with both close to 1.9 for lower frequencies (time scales from 2 to 100days). Moreover, the time evolution and scale dependence of cross correlations between both series are considered. The trends are perfectly anti-correlated. The modes of mean year 3 and 1year have also negative correlation, whereas higher frequency modes have a much smaller correlation. The estimation of time-dependent intrinsic correlations helps to show patterns of correlations at different scales, for different modes.
@article{huang_time_2014,
	title = {Time dependent intrinsic correlation analysis of temperature and dissolved oxygen time series using empirical mode decomposition},
	volume = {130},
	issn = {0924-7963},
	url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0924796313001450},
	doi = {10.1016/j.jmarsys.2013.06.007},
	abstract = {In the marine environment, many fields have fluctuations over a large range of different spatial and temporal scales. These quantities can be nonlinear and non-stationary, and often interact with each other. A good method to study the multiple scale dynamics of such time series, and their correlations, is needed. In this paper an application of an empirical mode decomposition based time dependent intrinsic correlation, of two coastal oceanic time series, temperature and dissolved oxygen (saturation percentage) is presented. The two time series are recorded every 20min for 7years, from 2004 to 2011. The application of the empirical mode decomposition on such time series is illustrated, and the power spectra of the time series are estimated using the Hilbert transform (Hilbert spectral analysis). Power-law regimes are found with slopes of 1.33 for dissolved oxygen and 1.68 for temperature at high frequencies (between 1.2 and 12h) with both close to 1.9 for lower frequencies (time scales from 2 to 100days). Moreover, the time evolution and scale dependence of cross correlations between both series are considered. The trends are perfectly anti-correlated. The modes of mean year 3 and 1year have also negative correlation, whereas higher frequency modes have a much smaller correlation. The estimation of time-dependent intrinsic correlations helps to show patterns of correlations at different scales, for different modes.},
	pages = {90--100},
	journaltitle = {Journal of Marine Systems},
	shortjournal = {Journal of Marine Systems},
	author = {Huang, Yongxiang and Schmitt, François G.},
	urldate = {2019-04-15},
	date = {2014-02-01},
	keywords = {Empirical mode decomposition, Coastal oceanic time series, Cross correlation, Hilbert spectral analysis, Oceanic dissolved oxygen, Oceanic temperature}
}
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