In 2014 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE), pages 4545-4552, 9, 2014. IEEE. Paper Website abstract bibtex
—Solid-State Transformers (SSTs) are an emergent topic in the context of the Smart Grid paradigm, where SSTs could replace conventional passive transformers to add flexibility and controllability, such as power routing capabilities or reactive power compensation, to the grid. This paper presents a com-parison of a 1000 kVA three-phase, low-frequency distribution transformer (LFT) and an equally rated SST, with respect to volume, weight, losses, and material costs, where the correspond-ing data of the SST is partly based on a full-scale prototype design. It is found that the SST's costs are at least five times and its losses about three times higher, its weight similar but its volume reduced to less than 80 %. In addition, an AC/DC application is also considered, where the comparison turns out in favor of the SST-based concept, since its losses are only about half compared to the LFT-based system, and the volume and the weight are reduced to about one third, whereas the material costs advantage of the LFT is much less pronounced.