Working with Four Villages to End Soil Erosion in an Entire River Basin. Hurrell, S.
Working with Four Villages to End Soil Erosion in an Entire River Basin [link]Paper  abstract   bibtex   
[Excerpt] The entire catchment area of a river and its tributaries is a large, complex, interaction of ecosystems. In Albania, the Drini River basin is a Key Biodiversity Area that provides multiple services to the inhabitants of northern Albania. But currently rain is washing bare soil away into the river, and all of the beneficial ecosystem services along with it - like nutrients to provide crop fertility, water storage by forests, fresh water filtration and flood protection. [Soil erosion is a big problem in the Drini River basin] National water policies in the Mediterranean are mostly exploiting water - with efforts to increase water supply for a growing population and increase the number of hydroelectric dams. Recognising the need to take the needs of biodiversity and ecosystems into account (which also benefits local people), the Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF) is funding projects that take an holistic approach to water management. In Albania, CEPF fund a project led by Albaforest (Centre for Forest Studies and Consulting) to undertake Integrated River Basin Management (IRBM) of the Drini River basin. [] AlbaForest are tackling the big task by starting small - they are piloting four micro-projects aimed at preventing soil erosion in the basin; which will then be used to inform IRBM for the entire catchment. They are planting 60,000 trees, seeding grasses and herbs, trialing the installation of small anti-erosion structure and improving the management of grazing pastures. [] [...] [:Short-term Impacts (1-3 Years)] The project short-term impact is: The project has develop a holistic Drini's basin field survey of environmental and natural ecosystems status and demonstrate combined rehabilitation biological models and support community-based capacity building; [::The project has contributing to] [::1] Rehabilitation of bared/eroded land and degraded nature though demonstration combined biological models measures in the selected pilot areas of Drini's basin as: reforestation, check-dams installation and fences erection and herbaceous grasses-seeding. [::2] Reducing the landslide through reduction of the erosion scale in the rehabilitated area and torrents courses and the visible positive impact in minimizing the downstream sedimentation and water turbulences and landslides stabilization; [::3] Reinstalling of forest and grassland vegetation in the rehabilitated area of the critical ecosystem sites and restoration of the natural spontaneous vegetation of the damaged sites in the rehabilitation pilot-areas; (in 4-selected regional sites within Drini's basin); [::4] Re-establish soil and water balance and flooding prevention, increase wood production and soil productivity of the Drini watershed and contributing in carbon sequestration in the selected rehabilitation pilot areas of Drini's basin, by planting of 60,000 forest trees within degraded areas/sites. [::5] Promote build the antierosive and protective check-dams against sedimentation by curving of soil loss and curving downstream sedimentation to the Drini basin catchments through demonstrate of mini-projects development applied in the selected most degraded micro-catchments and ecosystems sites by installing 400 m3 check-dams, erecting 200 m3 double fences and 200 ml single fences and seeding of 4000 m2 herbaceous grass. [::6] Support Drini's basin community-based capacity building through know-how provision and organize 3-training workshops to upgrade community capacities for sustainable NRs managements, and develop and deliver a local-regional strategic action plan for ” Drini” basin's integrated management. [:Long-term Impacts (3+ Years)] [::1] Restore degraded natural resources and preserve important critical ecosystems. [::2] Preservation and enhancing of biodiversity of the mountainous ecosystems and flooding prevention [::3] Support ” Drini” basin communities capacity building and creating decentralized best landuse practices and NR management by the local Government's through training and active participation in creating sustainable NR management models approach. [] [...]
@article{hurrellWorkingFourVillages2015,
  title = {Working with Four Villages to End Soil Erosion in an Entire River Basin},
  author = {Hurrell, Shaun},
  date = {2015},
  url = {http://mfkp.org/INRMM/article/13925536},
  abstract = {[Excerpt] The entire catchment area of a river and its tributaries is a large, complex, interaction of ecosystems. In Albania, the Drini River basin is a Key Biodiversity Area that provides multiple services to the inhabitants of northern Albania. But currently rain is washing bare soil away into the river, and all of the beneficial ecosystem services along with it - like nutrients to provide crop fertility, water storage by forests, fresh water filtration and flood protection.

[Soil erosion is a big problem in the Drini River basin]

National water policies in the Mediterranean are mostly exploiting water - with efforts to increase water supply for a growing population and increase the number of hydroelectric dams. Recognising the need to take the needs of biodiversity and ecosystems into account (which also benefits local people), the Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF) is funding projects that take an holistic approach to water management. In Albania, CEPF fund a project led by Albaforest (Centre for Forest Studies and Consulting) to undertake Integrated River Basin Management (IRBM) of the Drini River basin.

[] AlbaForest are tackling the big task by starting small - they are piloting four micro-projects aimed at preventing soil erosion in the basin; which will then be used to inform IRBM for the entire catchment. They are planting 60,000 trees, seeding grasses and herbs, trialing the installation of small anti-erosion structure and improving the management of grazing pastures.

[] [...]

[:Short-term Impacts (1-3 Years)]

The project short-term impact is: The project has develop a holistic Drini's basin field survey of environmental and natural ecosystems status and demonstrate combined rehabilitation biological models and support community-based capacity building;

[::The project has contributing to]

[::1] Rehabilitation of bared/eroded land and degraded nature though demonstration combined biological models measures in the selected pilot areas of Drini's basin as: reforestation, check-dams installation and fences erection and herbaceous grasses-seeding.

[::2] Reducing the landslide through reduction of the erosion scale in the rehabilitated area and torrents courses and the visible positive impact in minimizing the downstream sedimentation and water turbulences and landslides stabilization;

[::3] Reinstalling of forest and grassland vegetation in the rehabilitated area of the critical ecosystem sites and restoration of the natural spontaneous vegetation of the damaged sites in the rehabilitation pilot-areas; (in 4-selected regional sites within Drini's basin);

[::4] Re-establish soil and water balance and flooding prevention, increase wood production and soil productivity of the Drini watershed and contributing in carbon sequestration in the selected rehabilitation pilot areas of Drini's basin, by planting of 60,000 forest trees within degraded areas/sites.

[::5] Promote build the antierosive and protective check-dams against sedimentation by curving of soil loss and curving downstream sedimentation to the Drini basin catchments through demonstrate of mini-projects development applied in the selected most degraded micro-catchments and ecosystems sites by installing 400 m3 check-dams, erecting 200 m3 double fences and 200 ml single fences and seeding of 4000 m2 herbaceous grass.

[::6] Support Drini's basin community-based capacity building through know-how provision and organize 3-training workshops to upgrade community capacities for sustainable NRs managements, and develop and deliver a local-regional strategic action plan for ” Drini” basin's integrated management.

 

[:Long-term Impacts (3+ Years)]

[::1] Restore degraded natural resources and preserve important critical ecosystems.

[::2] Preservation and enhancing of biodiversity of the mountainous ecosystems and flooding prevention

[::3] Support ” Drini” basin communities capacity building and creating decentralized best landuse practices and NR management by the local Government's through training and active participation in creating sustainable NR management models approach.

[] [...]},
  keywords = {*imported-from-citeulike-INRMM,~INRMM-MiD:c-13925536,afforestation,albania,biodiversity,catchment-scale,conservation,forest-resources,local-scale,mitigation,participation,soil-erosion,soil-resources}
}
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