How involved are they really? A comparative network analysis of the institutional drivers of local actor inclusion. Ingold, K. Land Use Policy.
How involved are they really? A comparative network analysis of the institutional drivers of local actor inclusion [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
Different socio-economic and environmental drivers lead local communities in mountain regions to adapt land use practices and engage in protection policies. The political system also has to develop new approaches to adapt to those drivers. Local actors are the target group of those policy approaches, and the question arises of if and how much those actors are consulted or even integrated into the design of local land use and protection policies. This article addresses this question by comparing seven different case studies in Swiss mountain regions. Through a formal social network analysis, the inclusion of local actors in collaborative policy networks is investigated and compared to the involvement of other stakeholders representing the next higher sub-national or national decisional levels. Results show that there is a significant difference (1) in how local actors are embedded compared to other stakeholders; and (2) between top-down versus bottom-up designed policy processes.
@article{ingold_how_????,
	title = {How involved are they really? {A} comparative network analysis of the institutional drivers of local actor inclusion},
	issn = {0264-8377},
	shorttitle = {How involved are they really?},
	url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0264837714000143},
	doi = {10.1016/j.landusepol.2014.01.013},
	abstract = {Different socio-economic and environmental drivers lead local communities in mountain regions to adapt land use practices and engage in protection policies. The political system also has to develop new approaches to adapt to those drivers. Local actors are the target group of those policy approaches, and the question arises of if and how much those actors are consulted or even integrated into the design of local land use and protection policies. This article addresses this question by comparing seven different case studies in Swiss mountain regions. Through a formal social network analysis, the inclusion of local actors in collaborative policy networks is investigated and compared to the involvement of other stakeholders representing the next higher sub-national or national decisional levels. Results show that there is a significant difference (1) in how local actors are embedded compared to other stakeholders; and (2) between top-down versus bottom-up designed policy processes.},
	urldate = {2014-03-07},
	journal = {Land Use Policy},
	author = {Ingold, Karin},
	keywords = {Collaborative policy networks, Land use change, Local communities, Mountain regions, social network analysis},
	file = {ScienceDirect Full Text PDF:files/48485/Ingold - How involved are they really A comparative networ.pdf:application/pdf;ScienceDirect Snapshot:files/48480/S0264837714000143.html:text/html}
}
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