The Core of the Non-Universe in Jaina Cosmology as a Cube of Eight Space-Points. Jadhav, D. History of Science in South Asia, 11:63–83, December, 2023.
The Core of the Non-Universe in Jaina Cosmology as a Cube of Eight Space-Points [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
According to Jaina cosmology, the non-universe is a hollow sphere beyond and exists all round the universe, whose middle region is the horizontal universe resting on a circular disc. The Bhagavatī Sūtra and the Sthānāṅga Sūtra each mention that there is the core of the horizontal universe where a cube of eight space-points is and from those eight space-points ten directions originate. This paper presents a conjectural explanation for understanding that cube. The core of the non-universe is the core of a core-sphere when the core-sphere is formed using n core-circles such that they are stacked up and down in the same order from the nth core-circle to the first core-circle. The upper four points of the cube of eight points form the core of the horizontal universe and the cube of eight points is the core of the non-universe. The nth core-circle becomes the horizontal universe when n is innumerable and the nth core-sphere forms the non-universe when n approaches infinity. This paper also shows that the intermediate and cardinal directions are linear and planar respectively while the zenith and nadir ones are three-dimensional.
@article{jadhav_core_2023,
	title = {The {Core} of the {Non}-{Universe} in {Jaina} {Cosmology} as a {Cube} of {Eight} {Space}-{Points}},
	volume = {11},
	copyright = {Copyright (c) 2023 Dipak Jadhav},
	issn = {2369-775X},
	url = {https://journals.library.ualberta.ca/hssa/index.php/hssa/article/view/86},
	doi = {10.18732/hssa86},
	abstract = {According to Jaina cosmology, the non-universe is a hollow sphere beyond and exists all round the universe, whose middle region is the horizontal universe resting on a circular disc. The Bhagavatī Sūtra and the Sthānāṅga Sūtra each mention that there is the core of the horizontal universe where a cube of eight space-points is and from those eight space-points ten directions originate. This paper presents a conjectural explanation for understanding that cube. The core of the non-universe is the core of a core-sphere when the core-sphere is formed using n core-circles such that they are stacked up and down in the same order from the nth core-circle to the first core-circle. The upper four points of the cube of eight points form the core of the horizontal universe and the cube of eight points is the core of the non-universe. The nth core-circle becomes the horizontal universe when n is innumerable and the nth core-sphere forms the non-universe when n approaches infinity. This paper also shows that the intermediate and cardinal directions are linear and planar respectively while the zenith and nadir ones are three-dimensional.},
	language = {en},
	urldate = {2023-12-04},
	journal = {History of Science in South Asia},
	author = {Jadhav, Dipak},
	month = dec,
	year = {2023},
	keywords = {india, jainism, mathematics},
	pages = {63--83},
}

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