Seasonal cycle and composition of background fine particles along the west coast of the US. Jaffe, D., Tamura, S., & Harris, J. Atmospheric Environment, 39(2):297-306, 2005.
Seasonal cycle and composition of background fine particles along the west coast of the US [pdf]Paper  abstract   bibtex   
We used aerosol data from 4 sites along the west coast of the U.S. to evaluate the role of transport, seasonal pattern, chemical composition and possible trends in the marine background aerosol for the Pacific Northwest. For the Crater Lake samples, the data have been segregated using 10 day back isentropic trajectories to evaluate the role of transport. Our analysis of the segregated data indicates that the trajectories can successfully separate "locally influenced" from "marine background" aerosol, but are not able to identify a significant difference in the mean concentrations during marine vs Asian transport pathways. The background marine aerosol has an annual mean and median concentrations of 2.0 and 1.5 mug m(-3), respectively, for particles less than 2.5 mum diameter. There is a seasonal pattern in all components of the aerosol mass, with a summer maximum and winter minimum. This pattern is most likely due to the strong seasonal pattern in precipitation, which peaks in winter, combined with enhanced sources in summer. The Crater Lake marine aerosol composition is dominated by organics (similar to40% by mass), with smaller contributions from sulfates, mineral dust and elemental carbon. Analysis of the background marine aerosol found no apparent trend since 1988. This is in contrast to results reported by Prospero et al. (J. Geophys. Res. 108 (2003) 4019) for nss-SO42- samples from Midway Island in the North Pacific. Comparison of the mean concentrations for each site shows that the Midway samples are significantly more influenced by Asian industrial sources of sulfur, compared to Crater Lake, which implies a substantial loss of nss-SO42- from Asian sources that occurs during transit across the Pacific to Crater Lake due to precipitation scavenging. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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