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An analysis is undertaken of the different possible types of simultaneous interactions between more than two atoms or molecules in so-called molecular solids. The analysis is carried out on the basis of a double series expansion: (1) in terms of linked exchange-clusters of increasing numbers of atoms; (2) as a series in increasing orders of perturbation theory. The use of a multiple series for the electrostatic interactions between different atoms is avoided by retaining this interaction in unexpanded form. Instead, an effective-electron model is used with a Gaussian form for the charge distributions. The method is illustrated by computing the exchange quadrupole moment of two argon atoms as a function of their distance. Calculations by Rosen and by Shostak for first-order interactions between three helium atoms are extended to atoms of the heavy rare gases. It is found that the relative magnitude of this many-body effect may amount to 20% of the first-order interaction energy. Possible implications with respect to stability of the cubic structures of heavy rare-gas crystals are briefly discussed.

@article{ jansen_systematic_1962, title = {Systematic {Analysis} of {Many}-{Body} {Interactions} in {Molecular} {Solids}}, volume = {125}, url = {http://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRev.125.1798}, doi = {10.1103/PhysRev.125.1798}, abstract = {An analysis is undertaken of the different possible types of simultaneous interactions between more than two atoms or molecules in so-called molecular solids. The analysis is carried out on the basis of a double series expansion: (1) in terms of linked exchange-clusters of increasing numbers of atoms; (2) as a series in increasing orders of perturbation theory. The use of a multiple series for the electrostatic interactions between different atoms is avoided by retaining this interaction in unexpanded form. Instead, an effective-electron model is used with a Gaussian form for the charge distributions. The method is illustrated by computing the exchange quadrupole moment of two argon atoms as a function of their distance. Calculations by Rosen and by Shostak for first-order interactions between three helium atoms are extended to atoms of the heavy rare gases. It is found that the relative magnitude of this many-body effect may amount to 20% of the first-order interaction energy. Possible implications with respect to stability of the cubic structures of heavy rare-gas crystals are briefly discussed.}, number = {6}, urldate = {2014-07-17TZ}, journal = {Physical Review}, author = {Jansen, Laurens}, month = {March}, year = {1962}, note = {00089}, pages = {1798--1804} }

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