Formation and dynamics of plasma bullets in a non-thermal plasma jet: Influence of the high-voltage parameters on the plume characteristics. Jarrige, J., Laroussi, M., & Karakas, E. Plasma Sources Science and Technology, 2010.
abstract   bibtex   
Non-thermal plasma jets in open air are composed of ionization waves commonly known as ‘plasma bullets’ propagating at high velocities. We present in this paper an experimental study of plasma bullets produced in a dielectric barrier discharge linear-field reactor fed with helium and driven by microsecond high-voltage pulses. Two discharges were produced between electrodes for every pulse (at the rising and falling edge), but only one bullet was generated. Fast intensified charge coupled device camera imaging showed that bullet velocity and diameter increase with applied voltage. Spatially resolved optical emission spectroscopy measurements provided evidence of the hollow structure of the jet and its contraction. It was shown that the pulse amplitude significantly enhances electron energy and production of active species. The plasma bullet appeared to behave like a surface discharge in the tube, and like a positive streamer in air. A kinetics mechanism based on electron impact, Penning effect and charge transfer reactions is proposed to explain the propagation of the ionization front and temporal behavior of the radiative species.
@article{
 title = {Formation and dynamics of plasma bullets in a non-thermal plasma jet: Influence of the high-voltage parameters on the plume characteristics},
 type = {article},
 year = {2010},
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 volume = {19},
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 abstract = {Non-thermal plasma jets in open air are composed of ionization waves commonly known as ‘plasma bullets’ propagating at high velocities. We present in this paper an experimental study of plasma bullets produced in a dielectric barrier discharge linear-field reactor fed with helium and driven by microsecond high-voltage pulses. Two discharges were produced between electrodes for every pulse (at the rising and falling edge), but only one bullet was generated. Fast intensified charge coupled device camera imaging showed that bullet velocity and diameter increase with applied voltage. Spatially resolved optical emission spectroscopy measurements provided evidence of the hollow structure of the jet and its contraction. It was shown that the pulse amplitude significantly enhances electron energy and production of active species. The plasma bullet appeared to behave like a surface discharge in the tube, and like a positive streamer in air. A kinetics mechanism based on electron impact, Penning effect and charge transfer reactions is proposed to explain the propagation of the ionization front and temporal behavior of the radiative species.},
 bibtype = {article},
 author = {Jarrige, Julien and Laroussi, Mounir and Karakas, Erdinc},
 journal = {Plasma Sources Science and Technology},
 number = {6}
}
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