The EFSA Assessment of Trichilogaster Acaciaelongifoliae as Biocontrol Agent of the Invasive Alien Plant Acacia Longifolia: A New Area of Activity for the EFSA Plant Health Panel?. Jeger, M. J., Pautasso, M., Stancanelli, G., & Vos, S. 46(2):270–274.
The EFSA Assessment of Trichilogaster Acaciaelongifoliae as Biocontrol Agent of the Invasive Alien Plant Acacia Longifolia: A New Area of Activity for the EFSA Plant Health Panel? [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
[Excerpt: Introduction] Since its foundation in 2002, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has provided independent scientific advice to European decision-makers (the European Commission, European Parliament and Member States) on the protection of consumers against threats to the food chain, animal health and plant health. In 2006, recognizing the protection of plant health to be an essential factor in the security of the food chain, the EFSA Scientific Panel on Plant Health (PLH Panel) was established. [] The PLH Panel is responsible for risk assessment in the domain of plant health for European Union (EU) (Schans et al., 2008; Jeger et al., 2012). This group of 21 experts, renewed every 3 years, provides Scientific Opinions on risks posed by living organisms harmful to plants and/or plant products. Such threats to plant health are associated with the movement of plants and/or plant products and they may enter, establish, spread and cause harmful effects to plant production and plants in the environment in the EU. The main outputs of the PLH Panel are risk assessments and evaluations of risk reduction options, evaluations of pest risk analysis documents prepared by third parties, and guidance documents (Jeger et al., 2012). In Europe and worldwide plant health is increasingly threatened by the introduction of emerging pests and pathogens and by other drivers of global change (Pautasso et al., 2015). [] In the area of crop protection, EFSA is involved in peer-reviewing risk assessments of plant protection products for the EU,3, 4 including both chemical plant protection products and micro-organisms (including viruses). Biocontrol agents (BCAs) in the form of macro-organisms, such as parasitic wasps or nematodes, are outside the scope of the framework of the EU regulations regarding plant protection products. [] This paper addresses the first case of an EFSA risk assessment of a BCA of a weed/invasive plant, conducted in 2014-2015 by the PLH Panel following a request from the European Commission. [Objectives] This paper provides a summary of the EFSA PLH Panel (2015a) Opinion on the risk to plant health posed by the intentional release in Portugal of Trichilogaster acaciaelongifoliae, an Australian bud-galling wasp, as a BCA of Acacia longifolia, an invasive alien species. In addition, the statement of the EFSA PLH Panel (2015b) about the process of assessing such risks in Europe is summarized, together with the EFSA PLH environmental risk assessment scheme (EFSA, 2011), a potentially useful framework for the assessment of the risk to the environment posed by BCAs of weeds. [] [...]
@article{jegerEFSAAssessmentTrichilogaster2016,
  title = {The {{EFSA}} Assessment of {{Trichilogaster}} Acaciaelongifoliae as Biocontrol Agent of the Invasive Alien Plant {{Acacia}} Longifolia: A New Area of Activity for the {{EFSA Plant Health Panel}}?},
  author = {Jeger, M. J. and Pautasso, M. and Stancanelli, G. and Vos, S.},
  date = {2016-08},
  journaltitle = {EPPO Bulletin},
  volume = {46},
  pages = {270--274},
  issn = {0250-8052},
  doi = {10.1111/epp.12306},
  url = {https://doi.org/10.1111/epp.12306},
  abstract = {[Excerpt: Introduction]

Since its foundation in 2002, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has provided independent scientific advice to European decision-makers (the European Commission, European Parliament and Member States) on the protection of consumers against threats to the food chain, animal health and plant health. In 2006, recognizing the protection of plant health to be an essential factor in the security of the food chain, the EFSA Scientific Panel on Plant Health (PLH Panel) was established.

[] The PLH Panel is responsible for risk assessment in the domain of plant health for European Union (EU) (Schans et al., 2008; Jeger et al., 2012). This group of 21 experts, renewed every 3 years, provides Scientific Opinions on risks posed by living organisms harmful to plants and/or plant products. Such threats to plant health are associated with the movement of plants and/or plant products and they may enter, establish, spread and cause harmful effects to plant production and plants in the environment in the EU. The main outputs of the PLH Panel are risk assessments and evaluations of risk reduction options, evaluations of pest risk analysis documents prepared by third parties, and guidance documents (Jeger et al., 2012). In Europe and worldwide plant health is increasingly threatened by the introduction of emerging pests and pathogens and by other drivers of global change (Pautasso et al., 2015).

[] In the area of crop protection, EFSA is involved in peer-reviewing risk assessments of plant protection products for the EU,3, 4 including both chemical plant protection products and micro-organisms (including viruses). Biocontrol agents (BCAs) in the form of macro-organisms, such as parasitic wasps or nematodes, are outside the scope of the framework of the EU regulations regarding plant protection products.

[] This paper addresses the first case of an EFSA risk assessment of a BCA of a weed/invasive plant, conducted in 2014-2015 by the PLH Panel following a request from the European Commission.

[Objectives]

This paper provides a summary of the EFSA PLH Panel (2015a) Opinion on the risk to plant health posed by the intentional release in Portugal of Trichilogaster acaciaelongifoliae, an Australian bud-galling wasp, as a BCA of Acacia longifolia, an invasive alien species. In addition, the statement of the EFSA PLH Panel (2015b) about the process of assessing such risks in Europe is summarized, together with the EFSA PLH environmental risk assessment scheme (EFSA, 2011), a potentially useful framework for the assessment of the risk to the environment posed by BCAs of weeds.

[] [...]},
  keywords = {*imported-from-citeulike-INRMM,~INRMM-MiD:c-14128454,acacia-longifolia,biocontrol-agents,efsa,forest-resources,invasive-species,trichilogaster-acaciaelongifoliae},
  number = {2}
}
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