Environmental Modeling Using Open Source Tools. Jolma, A., Ames, D. P., Horning, N., Mitasova, H., Neteler, M., Racicot, A., & Sutton, T. In Shekhar, S. & Xiong, H., editors, Encyclopedia of GIS, pages 275–279. Springer US.
Environmental Modeling Using Open Source Tools [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
[Definition] Geospatial data can include socioeconomic, environmental, geophysical, and technical data about the Earth and societal infrastructure and hence is pivotal in environmental modeling and management (EMM). Desktop, web-based, and embedded geospatial systems have become an essential part of EMM, providing pre- or post-processing of geospatial data, analysis and visualization of results using a graphical user interface (GUI). When combined with the growing culture of free and open source software (FOSS), this combination of geographic information systems) GIS and environmental modeling can result in powerful and freely accessible tools for environmental modeling and management. This study provides an overview of GIS FOSS software (FOSS4G) as applied to EMM and analyzes platforms, software stacks, and EMM workflows. In the FOSS world, the barriers to interoperability are low and hence FOSS4G tools can significantly enhance collaboration between EMM professionals beyond what is possible when strictly proprietary EMM tools are used. For example, as a FOSS4G-based tool, the US EPA BASINS watershed modeling system source code can be explored, modified, updated, and improved by anyone, ultimately resulting in better EMM systems.
@incollection{jolmaEnvironmentalModelingUsing2008,
  title = {Environmental Modeling Using Open Source Tools},
  booktitle = {Encyclopedia of {{GIS}}},
  author = {Jolma, Ari and Ames, Daniel P. and Horning, Ned and Mitasova, Helena and Neteler, Markus and Racicot, Aaron and Sutton, Tim},
  editor = {Shekhar, Shashi and Xiong, Hui},
  date = {2008},
  pages = {275--279},
  publisher = {{Springer US}},
  doi = {10.1007/978-0-387-35973-1\\_355},
  url = {https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-35973-1_355},
  abstract = {[Definition] Geospatial data can include socioeconomic, environmental, geophysical, and technical data about the Earth and societal infrastructure and hence is pivotal in environmental modeling and management (EMM). Desktop, web-based, and embedded geospatial systems have become an essential part of EMM, providing pre- or post-processing of geospatial data, analysis and visualization of results using a graphical user interface (GUI). When combined with the growing culture of free and open source software (FOSS), this combination of geographic information systems) GIS and environmental modeling can result in powerful and freely accessible tools for environmental modeling and management. This study provides an overview of GIS FOSS software (FOSS4G) as applied to EMM and analyzes platforms, software stacks, and EMM workflows. In the FOSS world, the barriers to interoperability are low and hence FOSS4G tools can significantly enhance collaboration between EMM professionals beyond what is possible when strictly proprietary EMM tools are used. For example, as a FOSS4G-based tool, the US EPA BASINS watershed modeling system source code can be explored, modified, updated, and improved by anyone, ultimately resulting in better EMM systems.},
  keywords = {*imported-from-citeulike-INRMM,~INRMM-MiD:c-3733504,environmental-modelling,free-software,geospatial,gis,open-source}
}
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