Recently identified microbial guild mediates soil N2O sink capacity. Jones, C. M., Spor, A., Brennan, F. P., Breuil, M., Bru, D., Lemanceau, P., Griffiths, B., Hallin, S., & Philippot, L. Nature Climate Change, 4(9):801–805, September, 2014.
Recently identified microbial guild mediates soil N2O sink capacity [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
Nitrous oxide (N2O) is the predominant ozone-depleting substance and contributes approximately 6% to overall global warming. Terrestrial ecosystems account for nearly 70% of total global N2O atmospheric loading, of which at least 45% can be attributed to microbial cycling of nitrogen in agriculture. The reduction of N2O to nitrogen gas by microorganisms is critical for mitigating its emissions from terrestrial ecosystems, yet the determinants of a soil’s capacity to act as a source or sink for N2O remain uncertain. Here, we demonstrate that the soil N2O sink capacity is mostly explained by the abundance and phylogenetic diversity of a newly described N2O-reducing microbial group, which mediate the influence of edaphic factors. Analyses of interactions and niche preference similarities suggest niche differentiation or even competitive interactions between organisms with the two types of N2O reductase. We further identified several recurring communities comprised of co-occurring N2O-reducing bacterial genotypes that were significant indicators of the soil N2O sink capacity across different European soils.
@article{jones_recently_2014,
	title = {Recently identified microbial guild mediates soil {N2O} sink capacity},
	volume = {4},
	copyright = {© 2014 Nature Publishing Group},
	issn = {1758-678X},
	url = {http://www.nature.com/nclimate/journal/v4/n9/full/nclimate2301.html},
	doi = {10.1038/nclimate2301},
	abstract = {Nitrous oxide (N2O) is the predominant ozone-depleting substance and contributes approximately 6\% to overall global warming. Terrestrial ecosystems account for nearly 70\% of total global N2O atmospheric loading, of which at least 45\% can be attributed to microbial cycling of nitrogen in agriculture. The reduction of N2O to nitrogen gas by microorganisms is critical for mitigating its emissions from terrestrial ecosystems, yet the determinants of a soil’s capacity to act as a source or sink for N2O remain uncertain. Here, we demonstrate that the soil N2O sink capacity is mostly explained by the abundance and phylogenetic diversity of a newly described N2O-reducing microbial group, which mediate the influence of edaphic factors. Analyses of interactions and niche preference similarities suggest niche differentiation or even competitive interactions between organisms with the two types of N2O reductase. We further identified several recurring communities comprised of co-occurring N2O-reducing bacterial genotypes that were significant indicators of the soil N2O sink capacity across different European soils.},
	language = {en},
	number = {9},
	urldate = {2017-05-08},
	journal = {Nature Climate Change},
	author = {Jones, Christopher M. and Spor, Ayme and Brennan, Fiona P. and Breuil, Marie-Christine and Bru, David and Lemanceau, Philippe and Griffiths, Bryan and Hallin, Sara and Philippot, Laurent},
	month = sep,
	year = {2014},
	keywords = {Biogeochemistry, Microbial ecology, biodiversity},
	pages = {801--805}
}

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