Giving a sign to the next generation: a corpus study of the grammaticalization of GIVE in Sign Language of the Netherlands (NGT). Joosten, V. S. Master's thesis, University of Amsterdam, 2023.
Giving a sign to the next generation: a corpus study of the grammaticalization of GIVE in Sign Language of the Netherlands (NGT) [pdf]Paper  abstract   bibtex   2 downloads  
The transfer verb GIVE is a fruitful base for metaphorical extension and grammaticalization across languages. Previous work by Bos (1996/2016) and Couvee and Pfau (2018) has shown that the sign GIVE is used beyond its underlying concrete transfer meaning in sign language of the Netherlands (NGT) as well. In this corpus study, I find GIVE in NGT to be used in a prototypical concrete transfer meaning in fewer than 30% of the instances. Other uses attested in the corpus include (i) abstract transfer of linguistic type items such as INFORMATION, (ii) light verb use as well as serial verb use where GIVE marks a RECIPIENT rather than describing the transfer action, (iii) used in a causative construction and (iv) passive auxiliary use. I propose two different grammaticalization paths of GIVE in NGT, as well as evaluating NGT GIVE in a typological context. Extensions of GIVE all have a RECIPIENT-focus in NGT and are comparable to the extensions of GIVE found in other languages, both spoken and signed.

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