Accounting for natural resources and environmental sustainability: linking ecosystem services to human well-being. Jordan, S, Hayes, S, Yoskowitz, D, Smith, L, Summers, J, Russell, M, & Benson, W Environmental Science & Technology, 44:1530–1536, 2010. 5
Accounting for natural resources and environmental sustainability: linking ecosystem services to human well-being [link]Paper  abstract   bibtex   
Conceptual / Epistemological. One of society’s greatest challenges is to sustain natural resources while promoting economic growth and quality of life. In the face of this challenge, society must measure the effectiveness of programs established to safeguard the environment. The impetus for demonstrating positive results from government-sponsored researchandregulation in the United States comes from Congress (General Accountability Office; GAO) and the Executive Branch (Office of Management and Budget;OMB).Themessageis: regulatoryandresearchprograms must demonstrate outcomes that justify their costs. Although the concept is simple, it is a complex problem to demonstrate that environmental research, policies, and regulations cause measurable changes in environmental quality. Even where changes in environmental quality can be tracked reliably, the connections between government actions and environmental outcomes seldom are direct or straightforward. In this article, we describe emerging efforts (with emphasis on the role of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; EPA) to frame and measure environmental outcomes in terms of ecosystem services and valuesssocietally and ecologically meaningful metricsforgauginghowwellwemanageenvironmentalresources. As examples of accounting for outcomes and values, we present a novel, low-cost method for determining relative values of multiple ecosystem services, and describe emerging research on indicators of human well-being.
@article{jordan_accounting_2010,
	title = {Accounting for natural resources and environmental sustainability: linking ecosystem services to human well-being},
	volume = {44},
	issn = {0013-936X},
	shorttitle = {Accounting for natural resources and environmental sustainability: linking ecosystem services to human well-being},
	url = {http://scholar.google.co.nz/scholar?as_q=&as_epq=Accounting-for-natural-resources-and-environmental-sustainability:-linking-ecosystem-services-to-human-well-being&as_oq=&as_eq=&as_occt=title},
	abstract = {Conceptual / Epistemological.  One of society’s greatest challenges is to sustain natural resources while promoting economic growth and quality of life. In the face of this challenge, society must measure the effectiveness of programs established to safeguard the environment. The impetus for demonstrating positive results from government-sponsored researchandregulation in the United States comes from Congress (General Accountability Office; GAO) and the Executive Branch (Office of Management and Budget;OMB).Themessageis: regulatoryandresearchprograms must demonstrate outcomes that justify their costs. Although the concept is simple, it is a complex problem to demonstrate that environmental research, policies, and regulations cause measurable changes in environmental quality. Even where changes in environmental quality can be tracked reliably, the connections between government actions and environmental outcomes seldom are direct or straightforward. In this article, we describe emerging efforts (with emphasis on the role of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; EPA) to frame and measure environmental outcomes in terms of ecosystem services and valuesssocietally and ecologically meaningful metricsforgauginghowwellwemanageenvironmentalresources. As examples of accounting for outcomes and values, we present a novel, low-cost method for determining relative values of multiple ecosystem services, and describe emerging research on indicators of human well-being.},
	journal = {Environmental Science \& Technology},
	author = {Jordan, S and Hayes, S and Yoskowitz, D and Smith, L and Summers, J and Russell, M and Benson, W},
	year = {2010},
	note = {5},
	keywords = {Academic journals, Asia, Europe and North America},
	pages = {1530--1536},
}
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