Artificial Intelligence and Public Health: An Exploratory Study. Jungwirth, D. & Haluza, D. International journal of environmental research and public health, March, 2023.
Artificial Intelligence and Public Health: An Exploratory Study. [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
Artificial intelligence (AI) has the potential to revolutionize research by automating data analysis, generating new insights, and supporting the discovery of new knowledge. The top 10 contribution areas of AI towards public health were gathered in this exploratory study. We utilized the "text-davinci-003" model of GPT-3, using OpenAI playground default parameters. The model was trained with the largest training dataset any AI had, limited to a cut-off date in 2021. This study aimed to test the ability of GPT-3 to advance public health and to explore the feasibility of using AI as a scientific co-author. We asked the AI asked for structured input, including scientific quotations, and reviewed responses for plausibility. We found that GPT-3 was able to assemble, summarize, and generate plausible text blocks relevant for public health concerns, elucidating valuable areas of application for itself. However, most quotations were purely invented by GPT-3 and thus invalid. Our research showed that AI can contribute to public health research as a team member. According to authorship guidelines, the AI was ultimately not listed as a co-author, as it would be done with a human researcher. We conclude that good scientific practice also needs to be followed for AI contributions, and a broad scientific discourse on AI contributions is needed.
@article{jungwirth_artificial_2023,
	title = {Artificial {Intelligence} and {Public} {Health}: {An} {Exploratory} {Study}.},
	volume = {20},
	url = {https://www.proquest.com/scholarly-journals/artificial-intelligence-public-health-exploratory/docview/2786101956/se-2?accountid=14542},
	doi = {10.3390/ijerph20054541},
	abstract = {Artificial intelligence (AI) has the potential to revolutionize research by automating data analysis, generating new insights, and supporting the discovery of new knowledge. The top 10 contribution areas of AI towards public health were gathered in this exploratory study. We utilized the "text-davinci-003" model of GPT-3, using OpenAI playground default parameters. The model was trained with the largest training dataset any AI had, limited to a cut-off date in 2021. This study aimed to test the ability of GPT-3 to advance public health and to explore the feasibility of using AI as a scientific co-author. We asked the AI asked for structured input, including scientific quotations, and reviewed responses for plausibility. We found that GPT-3 was able to assemble, summarize, and generate plausible text blocks relevant for public health concerns, elucidating valuable areas of application for itself. However, most quotations were purely invented by GPT-3 and thus invalid. Our research showed that AI can contribute to public health research as a team member. According to authorship guidelines, the AI was ultimately not listed as a co-author, as it would be done with a human researcher. We conclude that good scientific practice also needs to be followed for AI contributions, and a broad scientific discourse on AI contributions is needed.},
	language = {English},
	number = {5},
	journal = {International journal of environmental research and public health},
	author = {Jungwirth, David and Haluza, Daniela},
	month = mar,
	year = {2023},
	keywords = {*Artificial Intelligence, *Public Health, Accountability, artificial intelligence, Artificial intelligence, automation, Automation, chatbots, ChatGPT, Co authorship, collaboration, Collaboration, Data analysis, Data Analysis, digital health, Education, GPT-3, human-AI interaction, Humans, Index Medicus, Information retrieval, Knowledge, Medical research, Natural language, open science, OpenAI, Parks, Recreational, Playgrounds, Public health, Sciences: Comprehensive Works, technological advancement},
}

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