The hidden therapist: Evidence for a central role of music in psychedelic therapy. Kaelen, M., Giribaldi, B., Raine, J., Evans, L., Timmerman-Slater, C., Rodriguez, N., Roseman, L., Feilding, A., Nutt, D., & Carhart-Harris, R.
The hidden therapist: Evidence for a central role of music in psychedelic therapy [link]Paper  abstract   bibtex   
Recent clinical trials have supported the safety and efficacy of psychedelic therapy for mood disorders and addiction. Music is considered an important therapeutic component in the psychedelic treatment model but little empirical research has been done to examine the magnitude and nature of its role. The present study used a structured interview to inquire about the different ways in which music influenced the acute experience and subsequent outcomes of patients undergoing psychedelic therapy for treatment-resistant depression. Interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) was applied to the transcribed interview data to identify salient themes that were subsequently scored by independent raters. Interviews revealed that the music had both 'welcome' and 'unwelcome' influences on patients' subjective experiences. Welcome influences included: the evocation of personally meaningful and therapeutically useful emotion and imagery, guidance, and the promotion of calm. Conversely, unwelcome influences included: the evocation of unpleasant emotion and imagery e.g. feelings of discomfort, irritation, and resistance, and a sense of being misguided. Correlation-analyses showed that patients' relationship to the music, and particularly their openness to it and its resonance with their underlying emotional state, was associated with the occurrence of 'peak experience' as well as autobiographical insight. Crucially, the nature of the music-experience was significantly predictive of reductions in depression one week after psilocybin, whereas general drug-intensity was not. Together, these findings suggest that music has a major influence on the quality of patients' psychedelic experiences, and is consequently predictive of treatment success.
@article{Kaelen,
abstract = {Recent clinical trials have supported the safety and efficacy of psychedelic therapy for mood disorders and addiction. Music is considered an important therapeutic component in the psychedelic treatment model but little empirical research has been done to examine the magnitude and nature of its role. The present study used a structured interview to inquire about the different ways in which music influenced the acute experience and subsequent outcomes of patients undergoing psychedelic therapy for treatment-resistant depression. Interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) was applied to the transcribed interview data to identify salient themes that were subsequently scored by independent raters. Interviews revealed that the music had both 'welcome' and 'unwelcome' influences on patients' subjective experiences. Welcome influences included: the evocation of personally meaningful and therapeutically useful emotion and imagery, guidance, and the promotion of calm. Conversely, unwelcome influences included: the evocation of unpleasant emotion and imagery e.g. feelings of discomfort, irritation, and resistance, and a sense of being misguided. Correlation-analyses showed that patients' relationship to the music, and particularly their openness to it and its resonance with their underlying emotional state, was associated with the occurrence of 'peak experience' as well as autobiographical insight. Crucially, the nature of the music-experience was significantly predictive of reductions in depression one week after psilocybin, whereas general drug-intensity was not. Together, these findings suggest that music has a major influence on the quality of patients' psychedelic experiences, and is consequently predictive of treatment success.},
author = {Kaelen, Mendel and Giribaldi, Bruna and Raine, Jordan and Evans, Lisa and Timmerman-Slater, Christopher and Rodriguez, Natalie and Roseman, Leor and Feilding, Amanda and Nutt, David and Carhart-Harris, Robin},
file = {:home/trisquel/Dokumente/mendeley/Kaelen et al/Unknown/Kaelen et al.{\_}Unknown{\_}The hidden therapist Evidence for a central role of music in psychedelic therapy.pdf:pdf},
keywords = {OA,WP},
mendeley-tags = {OA,WP},
title = {{The hidden therapist: Evidence for a central role of music in psychedelic therapy}},
url = {https://osf.io/hdaj6/}
}
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