Climatologies at High Resolution for the Earth's Land Surface Areas. Karger, D. N., Conrad, O., Böhner, J., Kawohl, T., Kreft, H., Soria-Auza, R. W., Zimmermann, N. E., Linder, H. P., & Kessler, M. 4:170122+.
Climatologies at High Resolution for the Earth's Land Surface Areas [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
High-resolution information on climatic conditions is essential to many applications in environmental and ecological sciences. Here we present the CHELSA (Climatologies at high resolution for the earth's land surface areas) data of downscaled model output temperature and precipitation estimates of the ERA-Interim climatic reanalysis to a high resolution of 30\,arc\,sec. The temperature algorithm is based on statistical downscaling of atmospheric temperatures. The precipitation algorithm incorporates orographic predictors including wind fields, valley exposition, and boundary layer height, with a subsequent bias correction. The resulting data consist of a monthly temperature and precipitation climatology for the years 1979-2013. We compare the data derived from the CHELSA algorithm with other standard gridded products and station data from the Global Historical Climate Network. We compare the performance of the new climatologies in species distribution modelling and show that we can increase the accuracy of species range predictions. We further show that CHELSA climatological data has a similar accuracy as other products for temperature, but that its predictions of precipitation patterns are better.
@article{kargerClimatologiesHighResolution2017,
  title = {Climatologies at High Resolution for the Earth's Land Surface Areas},
  author = {Karger, Dirk N. and Conrad, Olaf and Böhner, Jürgen and Kawohl, Tobias and Kreft, Holger and Soria-Auza, Rodrigo W. and Zimmermann, Niklaus E. and Linder, H. Peter and Kessler, Michael},
  date = {2017-09},
  journaltitle = {Scientific Data},
  volume = {4},
  pages = {170122+},
  issn = {2052-4463},
  doi = {10.1038/sdata.2017.122},
  url = {https://doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2017.122},
  abstract = {High-resolution information on climatic conditions is essential to many applications in environmental and ecological sciences. Here we present the CHELSA (Climatologies at high resolution for the earth's land surface areas) data of downscaled model output temperature and precipitation estimates of the ERA-Interim climatic reanalysis to a high resolution of 30\,arc\,sec. The temperature algorithm is based on statistical downscaling of atmospheric temperatures. The precipitation algorithm incorporates orographic predictors including wind fields, valley exposition, and boundary layer height, with a subsequent bias correction. The resulting data consist of a monthly temperature and precipitation climatology for the years 1979-2013. We compare the data derived from the CHELSA algorithm with other standard gridded products and station data from the Global Historical Climate Network. We compare the performance of the new climatologies in species distribution modelling and show that we can increase the accuracy of species range predictions. We further show that CHELSA climatological data has a similar accuracy as other products for temperature, but that its predictions of precipitation patterns are better.},
  archivePrefix = {arXiv},
  eprint = {1607.00217},
  eprinttype = {arxiv},
  keywords = {*imported-from-citeulike-INRMM,~INRMM-MiD:c-14120773,~to-add-doi-URL,bias-correction,bioclimatic-predictors,chelsa-climate,environmental-modelling,featured-publication,global-scale,gridded-data,integration-techniques,license--cc-by-4-0,open-data,precipitation,temperature}
}
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