δ15N of zooplankton species in subarctic lakes in northern Sweden: effects of diet and trophic fractionation. Karlsson, J.; Jonsson, A.; Meili, M.; and Jansson, M. Freshwater Biology, 49(5):526–534, May, 2004.
δ15N of zooplankton species in subarctic lakes in northern Sweden: effects of diet and trophic fractionation [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
1. To assess the use of stable nitrogen isotopes (δ15N) for reconstructing trophic relationships in planktonic food webs, crustacean zooplankton species and pelagic dissolved and particulate matter were analysed in 14 subarctic lakes in northern Sweden. The lakes are situated along an altitudinal gradient and show a substantial variation in nutrient content and energy mobilization by bacterioplankton and phytoplankton. 2. The δ15N of dissolved and particulate matter was comparatively low, suggesting efficient N recycling and low losses of depleted N from the pelagic zone of these unproductive lakes. 3. Copepods had a systematically higher δ15N than cladocerans, with an average difference of 3.1–4.9‰ within lakes, implying different trophic positions of the two groups. Comparisons of nitrogen pools and energy fluxes suggest that the low cladoceran δ15N was a result of feeding on bacteria. 4. The difference in δ15N between copepods and cladocerans declined with decreasing bacterioplankton production among lakes, due either to increasing trophic isotope fractionation or decreasing relative importance of bacteria in the diet of cladocerans.
@article{karlsson_15n_2004,
	title = {δ{15N} of zooplankton species in subarctic lakes in northern {Sweden}: effects of diet and trophic fractionation},
	volume = {49},
	issn = {1365-2427},
	shorttitle = {δ{15N} of zooplankton species in subarctic lakes in northern {Sweden}},
	url = {http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2427.2004.01208.x/abstract},
	doi = {10.1111/j.1365-2427.2004.01208.x},
	abstract = {1. To assess the use of stable nitrogen isotopes (δ15N) for reconstructing trophic relationships in planktonic food webs, crustacean zooplankton species and pelagic dissolved and particulate matter were analysed in 14 subarctic lakes in northern Sweden. The lakes are situated along an altitudinal gradient and show a substantial variation in nutrient content and energy mobilization by bacterioplankton and phytoplankton. 2. The δ15N of dissolved and particulate matter was comparatively low, suggesting efficient N recycling and low losses of depleted N from the pelagic zone of these unproductive lakes. 3. Copepods had a systematically higher δ15N than cladocerans, with an average difference of 3.1–4.9‰ within lakes, implying different trophic positions of the two groups. Comparisons of nitrogen pools and energy fluxes suggest that the low cladoceran δ15N was a result of feeding on bacteria. 4. The difference in δ15N between copepods and cladocerans declined with decreasing bacterioplankton production among lakes, due either to increasing trophic isotope fractionation or decreasing relative importance of bacteria in the diet of cladocerans.},
	language = {en},
	number = {5},
	urldate = {2017-02-06},
	journal = {Freshwater Biology},
	author = {Karlsson, J. and Jonsson, A. and Meili, M. and Jansson, M.},
	month = may,
	year = {2004},
	keywords = {bacterioplankton, food web, isotopic fractionation, phytoplankton, trophic position},
	pages = {526--534},
}
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