On the thermodynamic stability of amorphous intergranular films in covalent materials. Keblinski, P., Phillpot, S. R., Wolf, D., & Gleiter, H. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 80(3):717--732, March, 1997. WOS:A1997WQ57000026
abstract   bibtex   
The thermodynamic origin, structure, and stability of the thin amorphous films commonly found in grain boundaries in covalent ceramics are investigated by molecular-dynamics simulation, To focus on the purely thermodynamic aspects, any kinetic effects associated with impurity-controlled interface chemistry are excluded by investigating pure silicon (described by the Stillinger-Weber three-body potential), For this single-component covalent model material, we demonstrate that all high-energy boundaries exhibit a universal amorphous structure, with a width of similar to 0.25 nm, whereas low-energy boundaries are crystalline and much sharper, We also demonstrate that introduction of an amorphous film into a crystalline interface lowers the excess energy to a level similar to the energy of two bulk crystal-amorphous interfaces, The competition between a narrow crystalline boundary structure and a wider amorphous boundary structure is shown to be governed by the relative excess energies of the atoms in the grain boundaries and in the bulk amorphous phase, These observations suggest that, in principle, amorphous grain-boundary films do not require impurities for their stabilization and that, as first proposed by Clarke, an equilibrium grain-boundary phase of uniform thickness can be the result of purely thermodynamic rather than kinetic factors.
@article{ keblinski_thermodynamic_1997,
  title = {On the thermodynamic stability of amorphous intergranular films in covalent materials},
  volume = {80},
  issn = {0002-7820},
  abstract = {The thermodynamic origin, structure, and stability of the thin amorphous films commonly found in grain boundaries in covalent ceramics are investigated by molecular-dynamics simulation, To focus on the purely thermodynamic aspects, any kinetic effects associated with impurity-controlled interface chemistry are excluded by investigating pure silicon (described by the Stillinger-Weber three-body potential), For this single-component covalent model material, we demonstrate that all high-energy boundaries exhibit a universal amorphous structure, with a width of similar to 0.25 nm, whereas low-energy boundaries are crystalline and much sharper, We also demonstrate that introduction of an amorphous film into a crystalline interface lowers the excess energy to a level similar to the energy of two bulk crystal-amorphous interfaces, The competition between a narrow crystalline boundary structure and a wider amorphous boundary structure is shown to be governed by the relative excess energies of the atoms in the grain boundaries and in the bulk amorphous phase, These observations suggest that, in principle, amorphous grain-boundary films do not require impurities for their stabilization and that, as first proposed by Clarke, an equilibrium grain-boundary phase of uniform thickness can be the result of purely thermodynamic rather than kinetic factors.},
  number = {3},
  journal = {Journal of the American Ceramic Society},
  author = {Keblinski, P. and Phillpot, S. R. and Wolf, D. and Gleiter, H.},
  month = {March},
  year = {1997},
  note = {{WOS}:A1997WQ57000026},
  pages = {717--732}
}
Downloads: 0