On Qualitative Probabilities for Legal Reasoning about Evidence. Keppens, J. Technical Report
abstract   bibtex   
A crucial aspect of evidential reasoning in crime investigation involves comparing the support that evidence provides for alternative hypotheses. Recent work in forensic statistics has shown how Bayesian Networks (BNs) can be employed for this purpose. However, the specification of BNs requires conditional probability tables describing the uncertain processes under evaluation. When these processes are poorly understood, it is necessary to rely on subjective probabilities provided by experts, which are difficult to describe in a manner that is both accurate and precise. Recent work in qualitative reasoning has developed methods to perform this type of reasoning using coarser representations. However, the latter types of approaches are too imprecise to compare the likelihood of alternative hypotheses. This paper examines the shortcomings of the qualitative approaches when applied to the aforementioned problem, and identifies and integrates techniques to refine them.
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 title = {On Qualitative Probabilities for Legal Reasoning about Evidence},
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 abstract = {A crucial aspect of evidential reasoning in crime investigation involves comparing the support that evidence provides for alternative hypotheses. Recent work in forensic statistics has shown how Bayesian Networks (BNs) can be employed for this purpose. However, the specification of BNs requires conditional probability tables describing the uncertain processes under evaluation. When these processes are poorly understood, it is necessary to rely on subjective probabilities provided by experts, which are difficult to describe in a manner that is both accurate and precise. Recent work in qualitative reasoning has developed methods to perform this type of reasoning using coarser representations. However, the latter types of approaches are too imprecise to compare the likelihood of alternative hypotheses. This paper examines the shortcomings of the qualitative approaches when applied to the aforementioned problem, and identifies and integrates techniques to refine them.},
 bibtype = {techreport},
 author = {Keppens, Jeroen}
}
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