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We report on the free charge carrier properties of a two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) in an AlN/Al x Ga 1– x N high electron mobility transistor structure with a high aluminum content ( x = 0.78). The 2DEG sheet density [Formula: see text] cm −2 , sheet mobility [Formula: see text] cm 2 /(Vs), sheet resistance [Formula: see text] [Formula: see text], and effective mass [Formula: see text] at low temperatures [Formula: see text] are determined by terahertz (THz) optical Hall effect measurements. The experimental 2DEG mobility in the channel is found within the expected range, and the sheet carrier density is in good agreement with self-consistent Poisson–Schrödinger calculations. However, a significant increase in the effective mass of 2DEG electrons at low temperatures is found in comparison with the respective value in bulk Al 0.78 Ga 22 N ([Formula: see text]). Possible mechanisms for the enhanced 2DEG effective mass parameter are discussed and quantified using self-consistent Poisson–Schrödinger calculations.

@article{kuhne_enhancement_2022, title = {Enhancement of {2DEG} effective mass in {AlN}/{Al} 0.78 {Ga} 0.22 {N} high electron mobility transistor structure determined by {THz} optical {Hall} effect}, volume = {120}, issn = {0003-6951}, doi = {10.1063/5.0087033}, abstract = {We report on the free charge carrier properties of a two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) in an AlN/Al x Ga 1– x N high electron mobility transistor structure with a high aluminum content ( x = 0.78). The 2DEG sheet density [Formula: see text] cm −2 , sheet mobility [Formula: see text] cm 2 /(Vs), sheet resistance [Formula: see text] [Formula: see text], and effective mass [Formula: see text] at low temperatures [Formula: see text] are determined by terahertz (THz) optical Hall effect measurements. The experimental 2DEG mobility in the channel is found within the expected range, and the sheet carrier density is in good agreement with self-consistent Poisson–Schrödinger calculations. However, a significant increase in the effective mass of 2DEG electrons at low temperatures is found in comparison with the respective value in bulk Al 0.78 Ga 22 N ([Formula: see text]). Possible mechanisms for the enhanced 2DEG effective mass parameter are discussed and quantified using self-consistent Poisson–Schrödinger calculations.}, number = {25}, journal = {Applied Physics Letters}, author = {Kühne, Philipp and Armakavicius, Nerijus and Papamichail, Alexis and Tran, Dat Q. and Stanishev, Vallery and Schubert, Mathias and Paskov, Plamen P. and Darakchieva, Vanya}, month = jun, year = {2022}, note = {Publisher: AIP Publishing}, pages = {253102}, }

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