A Deep Generative Model for Graphs: Supervised Subset Selection to Create Diverse Realistic Graphs with Applications to Power Networks Synthesis. Khodayar, M.; Wang, J.; and Wang, Z.
A Deep Generative Model for Graphs: Supervised Subset Selection to Create Diverse Realistic Graphs with Applications to Power Networks Synthesis [link]Paper  abstract   bibtex   
Creating and modeling real-world graphs is a crucial problem in various applications of engineering, biology, and social sciences; however, learning the distributions of nodes/edges and sampling from them to generate realistic graphs is still challenging. Moreover, generating a diverse set of synthetic graphs that all imitate a real network is not addressed. In this paper, the novel problem of creating diverse synthetic graphs is solved. First, we devise the deep supervised subset selection (DeepS3) algorithm; Given a ground-truth set of data points, DeepS3 selects a diverse subset of all items (i.e. data points) that best represent the items in the ground-truth set. Furthermore, we propose the deep graph representation recurrent network (GRRN) as a novel generative model that learns a probabilistic representation of a real weighted graph. Training the GRRN, we generate a large set of synthetic graphs that are likely to follow the same features and adjacency patterns as the original one. Incorporating GRRN with DeepS3, we select a diverse subset of generated graphs that best represent the behaviors of the real graph (i.e. our ground-truth). We apply our model to the novel problem of power grid synthesis, where a synthetic power network is created with the same physical/geometric properties as a real power system without revealing the real locations of the substations (nodes) and the lines (edges), since such data is confidential. Experiments on the Synthetic Power Grid Data Set show accurate synthetic networks that follow similar structural and spatial properties as the real power grid.
@article{khodayarDeepGenerativeModel2019,
  archivePrefix = {arXiv},
  eprinttype = {arxiv},
  eprint = {1901.09674},
  primaryClass = {cs, stat},
  title = {A {{Deep Generative Model}} for {{Graphs}}: {{Supervised Subset Selection}} to {{Create Diverse Realistic Graphs}} with {{Applications}} to {{Power Networks Synthesis}}},
  url = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1901.09674},
  shorttitle = {A {{Deep Generative Model}} for {{Graphs}}},
  abstract = {Creating and modeling real-world graphs is a crucial problem in various applications of engineering, biology, and social sciences; however, learning the distributions of nodes/edges and sampling from them to generate realistic graphs is still challenging. Moreover, generating a diverse set of synthetic graphs that all imitate a real network is not addressed. In this paper, the novel problem of creating diverse synthetic graphs is solved. First, we devise the deep supervised subset selection (DeepS3) algorithm; Given a ground-truth set of data points, DeepS3 selects a diverse subset of all items (i.e. data points) that best represent the items in the ground-truth set. Furthermore, we propose the deep graph representation recurrent network (GRRN) as a novel generative model that learns a probabilistic representation of a real weighted graph. Training the GRRN, we generate a large set of synthetic graphs that are likely to follow the same features and adjacency patterns as the original one. Incorporating GRRN with DeepS3, we select a diverse subset of generated graphs that best represent the behaviors of the real graph (i.e. our ground-truth). We apply our model to the novel problem of power grid synthesis, where a synthetic power network is created with the same physical/geometric properties as a real power system without revealing the real locations of the substations (nodes) and the lines (edges), since such data is confidential. Experiments on the Synthetic Power Grid Data Set show accurate synthetic networks that follow similar structural and spatial properties as the real power grid.},
  urldate = {2019-01-30},
  date = {2019-01-17},
  keywords = {Statistics - Machine Learning,Computer Science - Social and Information Networks,Computer Science - Machine Learning},
  author = {Khodayar, Mahdi and Wang, Jianhui and Wang, Zhaoyu},
  file = {/home/dimitri/Nextcloud/Zotero/storage/P9U5UN3K/Khodayar et al. - 2019 - A Deep Generative Model for Graphs Supervised Sub.pdf;/home/dimitri/Nextcloud/Zotero/storage/6P37TCZ6/1901.html}
}
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