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Analyses undertaken in this paper show that the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) tends to overestimate low values of soil loss when the soil surface has a high capacity to infiltrate rainfall, but the degree of overestimation falls as the capacity of the soil to produce runoff increases. The USLE-M, a version of the USLE that uses the product of the runoff ratio and the EI30 as the event erosivity index, is more efficient in estimating soil loss because runoff is considered explicitly in the event erosivity index, whereas it is not in the USLE. The results show clearly that the problem of the USLE and the RUSLE overpredicting observed erosion losses, when erosion losses are low, is related to a large degree to model formula. In addition, the removal of restrictions to what constitutes a valid EI30 value increases the capacity of the RUSLE to overpredict low soil losses. As the USLE is an empirical model, values of USLE K, C, and P can only be used when the event erosivity parameter is EI30. Models like EPIC ignore this fact.

@article{kinnellEventErosivityFactor2003, title = {Event Erosivity Factor and Errors in Erosion Predictions by Some Empirical Models}, author = {Kinnell, P. I. A.}, year = {2003}, volume = {41}, pages = {991--1003}, issn = {0004-9573}, doi = {10.1071/sr02123}, abstract = {Analyses undertaken in this paper show that the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) tends to overestimate low values of soil loss when the soil surface has a high capacity to infiltrate rainfall, but the degree of overestimation falls as the capacity of the soil to produce runoff increases. The USLE-M, a version of the USLE that uses the product of the runoff ratio and the EI30 as the event erosivity index, is more efficient in estimating soil loss because runoff is considered explicitly in the event erosivity index, whereas it is not in the USLE. The results show clearly that the problem of the USLE and the RUSLE overpredicting observed erosion losses, when erosion losses are low, is related to a large degree to model formula. In addition, the removal of restrictions to what constitutes a valid EI30 value increases the capacity of the RUSLE to overpredict low soil losses. As the USLE is an empirical model, values of USLE K, C, and P can only be used when the event erosivity parameter is EI30. Models like EPIC ignore this fact.}, journal = {Australian Journal of Soil Research}, keywords = {*imported-from-citeulike-INRMM,~INRMM-MiD:c-12160851,empirical-equation,erosivity,runoff,soil-erosion,soil-resources,theoretical-approach}, lccn = {INRMM-MiD:c-12160851}, number = {5} }

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