Coastal Perturbations of Marine-Layer Winds, Wind Stress, and Wind Stress Curl along California and Baja California in June 1999. Koracin, D.; Dorman, C., E.; Dever, E., P.; Jolla, L.; Diego, S.; Koračin, D.; Dorman, C., E.; and Dever, E., P. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 34(5):1152-1173, 2004.
Coastal Perturbations of Marine-Layer Winds, Wind Stress, and Wind Stress Curl along California and Baja California in June 1999 [pdf]Paper  Coastal Perturbations of Marine-Layer Winds, Wind Stress, and Wind Stress Curl along California and Baja California in June 1999 [link]Website  abstract   bibtex   
Month-long simulations using the fifth-generation Pennsylvania State University-National Center for Atmospheric Research Mesoscale Model (MM5) with a horizontal resolution of 9 km have been used to investigate perturbations of topographically forced wind stress and wind stress curl during upwelling-favorable winds along the California and Baja California coasts during June 1999. The dominant spatial inhomogeneity of the wind stress and wind stress curl is near the coast. Wind and wind stress maxima are found in the lees of major capes near the coastline. Positive wind stress curl occurs in a narrow band near the coast, while the region farther offshore is characterized by a broad band of weak negative curl. Curvature of the coastline, such as along the Southern California Bight, forces the northerly flow toward the east and generates positive wind stress curl even if the magnitude of the stress is constant. The largest wind stress curl is simulated in the lees of Point Conception and the Santa Barbara Channel. The Baja California wind stress is upwelling favorable. Although the winds and wind stress exhibit great spatial variability in response to synoptic forcing, the wind stress curl has relatively small variation. The narrow band of positive wind stress curl along the coast adds about 5% to the coastal upwelling generated by adjustment to the coastal boundary condition. The larger area of positive wind stress curl in the lee of Point Conception may be of first-order importance to circulation in the Santa Barbara Channel and the Southern California Bight.
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 title = {Coastal Perturbations of Marine-Layer Winds, Wind Stress, and Wind Stress Curl along California and Baja California in June 1999},
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 year = {2004},
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 pages = {1152-1173},
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 abstract = {Month-long simulations using the fifth-generation Pennsylvania State University-National Center for Atmospheric Research Mesoscale Model (MM5) with a horizontal resolution of 9 km have been used to investigate perturbations of topographically forced wind stress and wind stress curl during upwelling-favorable winds along the California and Baja California coasts during June 1999. The dominant spatial inhomogeneity of the wind stress and wind stress curl is near the coast. Wind and wind stress maxima are found in the lees of major capes near the coastline. Positive wind stress curl occurs in a narrow band near the coast, while the region farther offshore is characterized by a broad band of weak negative curl. Curvature of the coastline, such as along the Southern California Bight, forces the northerly flow toward the east and generates positive wind stress curl even if the magnitude of the stress is constant. The largest wind stress curl is simulated in the lees of Point Conception and the Santa Barbara Channel. The Baja California wind stress is upwelling favorable. Although the winds and wind stress exhibit great spatial variability in response to synoptic forcing, the wind stress curl has relatively small variation. The narrow band of positive wind stress curl along the coast adds about 5% to the coastal upwelling generated by adjustment to the coastal boundary condition. The larger area of positive wind stress curl in the lee of Point Conception may be of first-order importance to circulation in the Santa Barbara Channel and the Southern California Bight.},
 bibtype = {article},
 author = {Koracin, D and Dorman, Clive E. and Dever, Edward P. and Jolla, La and Diego, San and Koračin, Darko and Dorman, Clive E. and Dever, Edward P.},
 journal = {Journal of Physical Oceanography},
 number = {5}
}
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